prince jackson wikipedia
)June 7, 1958Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. (aged 57)Chanhassen, Minnesota, U.S.fentanyl overdose ("Love Symbol")
Mayte Garcia( 1996; 2000)( 2001; 2006)John L. Nelson (father)
Tyka Nelson (sister)
Wendy & Lisa
the New Power Generation
(June 7, 1958 – April 21, 2016), was an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, and filmmaker.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, Prince was known for his eclectic work, flamboyant stage presence, extravagant fashion sense and use of makeup, and wide vocal range. Prince was also a multi-instrumentalist who was considered a guitar virtuoso; he was also skilled at playing the drums, percussion, bass, keyboards, and synthesizer. His innovative music integrated a wide variety of styles, including funk, rock, R&B, new wave, soul, psychedelia, and pop. He sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He won eight Grammy Awards, six American Music Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and an Academy Award for the 1984 film Purple Rain. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004.
He signed a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records at the age of 17, and released his debut album For You in 1978. His 1979 album Prince went platinum, and his next three albums—Dirty Mind (1980), Controversy (1981), and 1999 (1982)—continued his success, showcasing his prominently explicit lyrics and blending of funk, dance, and rock music. In 1984, he began referring to his backup band as the Revolution and released Purple Rain, the soundtrack album to his film debut. It quickly became his most critically and commercially successful release, spending 24 consecutive weeks atop the 200 and selling over 20 million copies worldwide. After releasing the albums Around the World in a Day (1985) and Parade (1986), The Revolution disbanded, and Prince released the double album Sign o' the Times (1987) as a solo artist. He released three more solo albums before debuting The New Power Generation band in 1991.
), also known as the "Love Symbol", and began releasing new albums at a faster rate to remove himself from contractual obligations. He released five records between 1994 and 1996 before signing with Arista Records in 1998. In 2000, he began referring to himself as "Prince" again. He released 16 albums after that, including the platinum-selling Musicology (2004). His final album, Hit n Run Phase Two, was first released on the Tidal streaming service on December 2015. Five months later, at the age of 57, Prince died of an accidental fentanyl overdose at his Paisley Park recording studio and home in Chanhassen, Minnesota.
, and subsequent releases
, and name change
, label change, and
and Welcome 2 Tours
Tours and final years
The Minneapolis house where Prince stayed with André Cymone's family, pictured in August 2017
Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of jazz singer Mattie Della ( Shaw) and pianist and songwriter John Lewis Nelson. His parents were both African American and his ancestry is centered in Louisiana, with all four of his grandparents hailing from that state. Prince was given his father's stage name, Prince Rogers, which his father used while performing with his mother in a jazz group called the Prince Rogers Trio. In 1991, Prince's father told A Current Affair that he named his son Prince because he wanted Prince "to do everything I wanted to do". Prince was not fond of his name and wanted people to instead call him Skipper, a name which stuck throughout his childhood. Prince has said he was "born epileptic" and had seizures when he was young. He stated, "My mother told me one day I walked in to her and said, 'Mom, I'm not going to be sick anymore,' and she said, 'Why?' and I said, 'Because an angel told me so.'"
Tyka, was born on May 18, 1960. Both siblings developed a keen interest in music, which was encouraged by their father. Prince wrote his first song, "Funk Machine", on his father's piano when he was seven. Prince's parents divorced when he was 10, and his mother remarried to Hayward Baker, with whom she had a son named Omarr; Prince had a troubled relationship with Baker, causing him to repeatedly switch homes, sometimes living with his father and sometimes with his mother and stepfather. Baker took Prince to see James Brown in concert, and Prince credited Baker with improving the family's finances. After a brief period of living with his father, who bought him his first guitar, Prince moved into the basement of the Anderson family, his neighbors, after his father kicked him out. He befriended the Andersons' son, Andre, who later collaborated with Prince and became known as André Cymone.
Minnesota Dance Theatre through the Urban Arts Program of Minneapolis Public Schools. He played on Central's junior varsity basketball team, and continued to play basketball recreationally as an adult. Prince met Jimmy Jam in 1973 in junior high, and impressed Jimmy with his musical talent, early mastery of a wide range of instruments, and work ethic.
94 East with Marcy Ingvoldstad and Kristie Lazenberry, hiring André Cymone and Prince to record tracks.] Willie wrote the songs, and Prince contributed guitar tracks, and Prince and Willie co-wrote the 94 East song, "Just Another Sucker".] The band recorded tracks which later became the album .]
] Unable to secure a recording contract, Moon brought the tape to Owen Husney, a Minneapolis businessman, who signed Prince, age 17, to a management contract, and helped him create a demo at Sound 80 Studios in Minneapolis (with producer/engineer David Z).] The demo recording, along with a press kit produced at Husney's ad agency, resulted in interest from several record companies including Warner Bros. Records, A&M Records, and Columbia Records.
Husney and Prince then left Minneapolis and moved to Sausalito, California, where Prince's first album, For You, was recorded at Record Plant Studios. The album was mixed in Los Angeles and released on April 7, 1978. According to the album notes, Prince wrote, produced, arranged, composed, and played all 27 instruments on the recording, except for the song "Soft and Wet", whose lyrics were co-written by Moon. The cost of recording the album was twice Prince's initial advance. Prince used the to publish his songs. "Soft and Wet" reached No. 12 on the Hot Soul Singles chart and No. 92 on the Hot 100. The song "Just as Long as We're Together" reached No. 91 on the Hot Soul Singles chart.
Ticket to Prince's first performance with his band in January 1979
Dez Dickerson on guitar, Gayle Chapman and Doctor Fink on keyboards, and Bobby Z. on drums. Their first show was at the Capri Theater on January 5, 1979. Warner Bros. executives attended the show but decided that Prince and the band needed more time to develop his music.] In October 1979, Prince released the album Prince, which was No. 4 on the Top R&B/Black Albums charts and No. 22 on the 200, and went platinum. It contained two R&B hits: "Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?" and "I Wanna Be Your Lover", which sold over a million copies, and reached No. 11 on the Hot 100 and No. 1 for two weeks on the Hot Soul Singles chart. Prince performed both these songs on January 26, 1980, on American Bandstand. On this album, Prince used BMI.
Dirty Mind, which contained sexually explicit material, including the title song, "Head", and the song "Sister", and was described by Stephen Thomas Erlewine as a "stunning, audacious amalgam of funk, new wave, R&B, and pop, fueled by grinningly salacious sex and the desire to shock." Recorded in Prince's own studio, this album was certified gold, and the single "Uptown" reached No. 5 on the Dance chart and No. 5 on the Hot Soul Singles chart. Prince was also the opening act for Rick James' 1980 tour.
Saturday Night Live, performing "Partyup". In October 1981, Prince released the album, Controversy. He played several dates in support of it, as the first of three opening acts for the Rolling Stones, on their US tour. In Los Angeles, Prince was forced off the stage after just three songs by audience members throwing trash at him. He began 1982 with a small tour of college towns where he was the headlining act. The songs on were published by – ASCAP, a practice he continued until the Emancipation album in 1996. By 2002, MTV News noted that "[n]ow all of his titles, liner notes and Web postings are written in his own shorthand spelling, as seen on 1999's , which featured 'Hot Wit U.'"
the Time. The band released four albums between 1981 and 1990, with Prince writing and performing most of the instrumentation and backing vocals (sometimes credited under the pseudonyms "Jamie Starr" or "The Starr Company"), with lead vocals by Morris Day. In late 1982, Prince released a double album, 1999, which sold over three million copies. The title track was a protest against nuclear proliferation and became Prince's first top 10 hit in countries outside the US. Prince's "Little Red Corvette" was one of the first two videos by black artists (along with Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean") played in heavy rotation on MTV, which had been perceived as against "black music" until CBS President Walter Yetnikoff threatened to pull all CBS videos. Prince and Jackson had a competitive rivalry, not just on musical success, but also athletically too. The song "Delirious" also placed in the top ten on the Hot 100 chart. "International Lover" earned Prince his first Grammy Award nomination at the 26th Annual Grammy Awards.
, and subsequent releases
Prince from a press shoot for the album in 1984.
the Revolution. The band's name was also printed, in reverse, on the cover of inside the letter "I" of the word "Prince". The band consisted of Lisa Coleman and Doctor Fink on keyboards, Bobby Z. on drums, Brown Mark on bass, and Dez Dickerson on guitar. Jill Jones, a backing singer, was also part of the lineup for the album and tour. Following the 1999 Tour, Dickerson left the group for religious reasons. In the book (2003), author Alex Hahn says that Dickerson was reluctant to sign a three-year contract and wanted to pursue other musical ventures. Dickerson was replaced by Coleman's friend Wendy Melvoin. At first the band was used sparsely in the studio, but this gradually changed during 1983.
"When Doves Cry" (1984)
Purple Rain, "When Doves Cry" became a signature song of Prince's. It features an intro to a guitar solo and a Linn LM-1 drum machine, followed by a looped guttural vocal.
Bob Cavallo, in the early 1980s Prince required his management to obtain a deal for him to star in a major motion picture, despite the fact that his exposure at that point was limited to several pop and R&B hits, music videos and occasional TV performances. This resulted in the hit film Purple Rain (1984), which starred Prince and was loosely autobiographical, and the eponymous studio album, which was also the soundtrack to the film. The album sold more than 13 million copies in the US and spent 24 consecutive weeks at No. 1 on the 200 chart. The film won Prince an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and grossed over $68 million in the US ($160 million in 2017 dollars). Songs from the film were hits on pop charts around the world; "When Doves Cry" and "Let's Go Crazy" reached No. 1, and the title track reached No. 2 on the Hot 100. At one point in 1984, Prince simultaneously had the No. 1 album, single, and film in the US; it was the first time a singer had achieved this feat. The album is ranked 72nd in s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time; it is also included on the list of magazine's All-Time 100 Albums. The album also produced two of Prince's first three Grammy Awards earned at the 27th Annual Grammy Awards—Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal and Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media.
Andy Warhol created the painting, Orange Prince (1984). Vanity Fair reproduced Warhol's portrait to accompany an article in the November 1984 edition, and claimed that the silkscreen image with its pop colors captured the recording artist "at the height of his powers". The 1984 article was one of the first global media pieces written as a critical appreciation of the musician, which coincided with the start of the 98-date Purple Rain Tour.
Prince performing in Brussels during the Hit N Run Tour in 1986
Tipper Gore heard her 11-year-old daughter Karenna listening to Prince's song "Darling Nikki" (which gained wide notoriety for its sexual lyrics and a reference to masturbation), she founded the Parents Music Resource Center. The center advocated the mandatory use of a warning label ("Parental Advisory: Explicit Lyrics") on the covers of records that have been judged to contain language or lyrical content unsuitable for minors. The recording industry later voluntarily complied with this request.
Around the World in a Day (1985), held the No. 1 spot on the 200 for three weeks. From that album, the single "Raspberry Beret" reached No. 2 on the Hot 100, and "Pop Life" reached No. 7.
Parade reached No. 3 on the 200 and No. 2 on the R&B charts. The first single, "Kiss", with the video choreographed by Louis Falco, reached No. 1 on the Hot 100. (The song was originally written for a side project called Mazarati.) In the same year, the song "Manic Monday", written by Prince and recorded by the Bangles, reached No. 2 on the Hot 100 chart. The album served as the soundtrack for Prince's second film, Under the Cherry Moon (1986). Prince directed and starred in the movie, which also featured Kristin Scott Thomas. Although the album went platinum and sold two million copies, the film received a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture (tied with Howard the Duck), and Prince received Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Director, Worst Actor, and Worst Original Song (for the song "Love or Money").
Hit n Run – Parade Tour. After the tour Prince disbanded the Revolution and fired Wendy & Lisa. Brown Mark quit the band; keyboardist Doctor Fink remained. Prince recruited new band members Miko Weaver on guitar, Atlanta Bliss on trumpet, and Eric Leeds on saxophone.
Dream Factory and a solo effort, Camille. Unlike the three previous band albums, included input from the band members and featured songs with lead vocals by Wendy & Lisa. The project saw Prince create a new androgynous persona primarily singing in a sped-up, female-sounding voice. With the dismissal of the Revolution, Prince consolidated material from both shelved albums, along with some new songs, into a three-LP album to be titled Crystal Ball. Warner Bros. forced Prince to trim the triple album to a double album, and Sign o' the Times was released on March 31, 1987.
200 albums chart. The first single, "Sign o' the Times", charted at No. 3 on the Hot 100. The follow-up single, "If I Was Your Girlfriend", charted at No. 67 on the Hot 100 but went to No. 12 on R&B chart. The third single, a duet with Sheena Easton, "U Got the Look", charted at No. 2 on the Hot 100 and No. 11 on the R&B chart, and the final single, "I Could Never Take the Place of Your Man", finished at No. 10 on Hot 100 and No. 14 on the R&B chart.
Pazz & Jop critics' poll and sold 3.2 million copies. In Europe it performed well, and Prince promoted the album overseas with a lengthy tour. Putting together a new backing band from the remnants of the Revolution, Prince added bassist Levi Seacer, Jr., keyboardist Boni Boyer, and dancer/choreographer Cat Glover to go with new drummer Sheila E and holdovers Miko Weaver, Doctor Fink, Eric Leeds, Atlanta Bliss, and the Bodyguards (Jerome, Wally Safford, and Greg Brooks) for the Sign o' the Times Tour.
Prince balked at a full US tour, as he was ready to produce a new album. As a compromise, the last two nights of the tour were filmed for release in movie theaters. The film quality was deemed subpar, and reshoots were performed at Prince's Paisley Park studios. The film Sign o' the Times was released on November 20, 1987. The film got better reviews than , but its box-office receipts were minimal, and it quickly left theaters.
The Black Album. More instrumental and funk- and R&B-themed than recent releases, also saw Prince experiment with hip hop on the songs "Bob George" and "Dead on It". Prince was set to release the album with a monochromatic black cover with only the catalog number printed, but after 500,000 copies had been pressed, Prince had a spiritual epiphany that the album was evil and had it recalled. It was later released by Warner Bros. as a limited edition album in 1994.
Lovesexy. Released on May 10, 1988, serves as a spiritual opposite to the dark . Every song is a solo effort by Prince, except "Eye No", which was recorded with his backing band at the time. reached No. 11 on the 200 and No. 5 on the R&B albums chart. The lead single, "Alphabet St.", peaked at No. 8 on the Hot 100 and No. 3 on the R&B chart; it sold 750,000 copies.
Lovesexy World Tour; although the shows were well-received by huge crowds, they failed to make a net profit due to the expensive sets and props.
Prince performing during his Nude Tour in 1990
Madonna's studio album Like a Prayer, co-writing and singing the duet "Love Song" and playing electric guitar (uncredited) on the songs "Like a Prayer", "Keep It Together", and "Act of Contrition". He also began work on several musical projects, including Rave Unto the Joy Fantastic and early drafts of his film, but both were put on hold when he was asked by Batman (1989) director Tim Burton to record several songs for the upcoming live-action adaptation. Prince went into the studio and produced an entire nine-track album that Warner Bros. released on June 20, 1989. Batman peaked at No. 1 on the 200, selling 4.3 million copies. The single "Batdance" topped the Hot 100 and R&B charts.
The Arms of Orion" with Sheena Easton, charted at No. 36, and "Partyman" (also featuring the vocals of Prince's then-girlfriend, nicknamed Anna Fantastic) charted at No. 18 on the Hot 100 and at No. 5 on the R&B chart, while the love ballad "Scandalous!" went to No. 5 on the R&B chart. Prince had to sign away all publishing rights to the songs on the album to Warner Bros. as part of the deal to do the soundtrack.
Nude Tour. With the departures of Boni Boyer, Sheila E., the horns, and Cat, Prince brought in keyboardist Rosie Gaines, drummer Michael Bland, and dancing trio the Game Boyz (Tony M., Kirky J., and Damon Dickson). The European and Japanese tour was a financial success with a short, greatest hits setlist. As the year progressed, Prince finished production on his fourth film, Graffiti Bridge (1990), and the 1990 album of the same name. Initially, Warner Bros. was reluctant to fund the film, but with Prince's assurances it would be a sequel to Purple Rain as well as the involvement of the original members of the Time, the studio greenlit the project. Released on August 20, 1990, the album reached No. 6 on the 200 and R&B albums chart. The single "Thieves in the Temple" reached No. 6 on the Hot 100 and No. 1 on the R&B chart; "Round and Round" placed at No. 12 on the US charts and No. 2 on the R&B charts. The song featured the teenage Tevin Campbell (who also had a role in the film) on lead vocals. The film, released on November 20, 1990, was a box-office flop, grossing $4.2 million. After the release of the film and album, the last remaining members of the Revolution, Miko Weaver and Doctor Fink, left Prince's band.
, and name change
Prince's Yellow Cloud Guitar at the Smithsonian Institution Building
The unpronounceable symbol (later dubbed "Love Symbol #2")
the New Power Generation. With guitarist Miko Weaver and long-time keyboardist Doctor Fink gone, Prince added bass player Sonny T., Tommy Barbarella on keyboards, and a brass section known as the Hornheads to go along with Levi Seacer (taking over on guitar), Rosie Gaines, Michael Bland, and the Game Boyz. With significant input from his band members, Diamonds and Pearls was released on October 1, 1991. Reaching No. 3 on the 200 album chart, saw four hit singles released in the United States. "Gett Off" peaked at No. 21 on the Hot 100 and No. 6 on the R&B charts, followed by "Cream", which gave Prince his fifth US No. 1 single. The title track "Diamonds and Pearls" became the album's third single, reaching No. 3 on the Hot 100 and the top spot on the R&B charts. "Money Don't Matter 2 Night" peaked at No. 23 and No. 14 on the Hot 100 and R&B charts respectively.
twelfth album, bearing only an unpronounceable symbol on the cover (later copyrighted as "Love Symbol #2") as its title. The album peaked at No. 5 on the 200. The symbol was explained as being a combination of the symbols for male (♂) and female (♀). The label wanted "7" to be the first single, but Prince fought to place "My Name Is Prince" in that slot, as he "felt that the song's more hip-hoppery would appeal to the same audience" that had purchased the previous album. Prince got his way, but "My Name Is Prince" reached No. 36 on the Hot 100 and No. 23 on the R&B chart. The follow-up single "Sexy MF" charted at No. 66 on the Hot 100 and No. 76 on the R&B chart. The label's preferred lead single choice "7" reached No. 7. The album, which would later be referred to as , went on to sell 2.8 million copies worldwide.
Warner Bros. released a greatest hits compilation with the three-disc The Hits/The B-Sides in 1993. The first two discs were also sold separately as and . The collection features the majority of Prince's hit singles (with the exception of "Batdance" and other songs that appeared on the Batman soundtrack), and several previously hard-to-find recordings, including B-sides spanning the majority of Prince's career, as well as some previously unreleased tracks such as the Revolution-recorded "Power Fantastic" and a live recording of "Nothing Compares 2 U" with Rosie Gaines. Two new songs, "Pink Cashmere" and "Peach", were chosen as promotional singles to accompany the compilation album.
Prince officially adopted the aforementioned "Love Symbol" as his stage name. In order to use the symbol in print media, Warner Bros. had to organize a mass mailing of floppy disks with a custom font. At this time, Prince was alternatively referred to as "The Artist Formerly Known as Prince" or simply "The Artist".
The label, he believed, was intent on limiting his artistic freedom by insisting that he release albums more sporadically. He also blamed Warner Bros. for the poor commercial performance of , claiming they had marketed it insufficiently. It was out of these developments that the aborted The Black Album was officially released, seven years after its initial recording. The "new" release was already in wide circulation as a bootleg. Warner Bros. then succumbed to Prince's wishes to release an album of new material, to be entitled Come.]
The Gold Experience released simultaneously with -era material. Warner Bros. allowed the single "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World" to be released via a small, independent distributor, Bellmark Records, in February 1994. The release reached No. 3 on the US Hot 100 and No. 1 in many other countries, but it did not prove to be a model for subsequent releases. Warner Bros. still resisted releasing , fearing poor sales and citing "market saturation" as a defense. When released in September 1995, reached the top 10 of the 200 initially. The album is now out of print.
Chaos and Disorder, released in 1996, was Prince's final album of new material for Warner Bros., as well as one of his least commercially successful releases. Prince attempted a major comeback later that year when, free of any further contractual obligations to Warner Bros., he released Emancipation, a 36-song, 3-CD set (each disc was exactly 60 minutes long). The album was released via his own NPG Records with distribution through EMI. To publish his songs on , Prince did not use – , which he had used for all his records since 1981, but rather used – .
Platinum by the RIAA, is the first record featuring covers by Prince of songs of other artists: Joan Osborne's top ten hit song of 1995 "One of Us"; "Betcha by Golly Wow!" (written by Thom Bell and Linda Creed); "I Can't Make You Love Me" (written by James Allen Shamblin II and Michael Barry Reid); and "La-La (Means I Love You)" (written by Thom Bell and William Hart).
Crystal Ball, a five-CD collection of unreleased material, in 1998. The distribution of this album was disorderly, with some fans pre-ordering the album on his website up to a year before it was shipped; these pre-orders were delivered months after the record had gone on sale in retail stores. The retail edition has only four discs, as it is missing the disc. There are also two different packaging editions for retail; one is a four-disc sized jewel case with a white cover and the Love Symbol in a colored circle while the other contains all four discs in a round translucent snap jewel case. The discs are the same, as is the CD jacket. The Newpower Soul album was released three months later. His collaborations on Chaka Khan's Come 2 My House and Larry Graham's GCS2000, both released on the NPG Records label around the same time as , were promoted by live appearances on Vibe with Sinbad and the NBC Today show's Summer Concert Series.
Arista Records, to release a new record, Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic. A few months earlier, Warner Bros. had also released The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale, a collection of unreleased material recorded by Prince throughout his career.
Rave Un2 the Year 2000, was broadcast on December 31, 1999 and consisted of footage from the December 17 and 18 concerts of his 1999 tour. The concert featured appearances by guest musicians including Lenny Kravitz, George Clinton, Jimmy Russell, and The Time. It was released to home video the following year.
, label change, and
Warner/Chappell expired. In a press conference, he stated that, after being freed from undesirable relationships associated with the name "Prince", he would revert to using his real name. Prince continued to use the symbol as a logo and on album artwork and to play a Love Symbol-shaped guitar. For several years following the release of , Prince primarily released new music through his Internet subscription service, NPGOnlineLtd.com (later NPGMusicClub.com).
One Nite Alone... Live!, which features performances from the One Nite Alone...Tour. The 3-CD box set also includes a disc of "aftershow" music entitled . During this time, Prince sought to engage more effectively with his fan base via the NPG Music Club, pre-concert sound checks, and at yearly "celebrations" at Paisley Park, his music studios. Fans were invited into the studio for tours, interviews, discussions and music-listening sessions. Some of these fan discussions were filmed for an unreleased documentary, directed by Kevin Smith.
46th Annual Grammy Awards with Beyoncé. In a performance that opened the show, they performed a medley of "Purple Rain", "Let's Go Crazy", "Baby I'm a Star", and Beyoncé's "Crazy in Love". The following month, Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The award was presented to him by Alicia Keys along with Big Boi and André 3000 of OutKast. As well as performing a trio of his own hits during the ceremony, Prince also participated in a tribute to fellow inductee George Harrison in a rendering of Harrison's "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", playing a two-minute guitar solo that ended the song. He also performed the song "Red House" as "Purple House" on the album Power of Soul: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix.
Musicology through a one-album agreement with Columbia Records. The album rose as high as the top five on some international charts (including the US, UK, Germany, and Australia). The US chart success was assisted by the CDs being included as part of the concert ticket purchase, thereby qualifying each CD (as chart rules then stood) to count toward US chart placement. Three months later, Spin named him the greatest frontman of all time.
That same year, magazine named Prince as the highest-earning musician in the world, with an annual income of $56.5 million, largely due to his Musicology Tour, which Pollstar named as the top concert draw among musicians in the US. He played 96 concerts; the average ticket price for a show was US$61 (equivalent to $79 in 2017). went on to receive two Grammy wins, for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Call My Name" and Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for the title track. was also nominated for Best R&B Song and Best R&B Album, and "Cinnamon Girl" was nominated for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. ranked Prince No. 27 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
En Vogue singing backing vocals) on Stevie Wonder's single "So What the Fuss", Wonder's first since 1999.
Universal Records to release his album, 3121, on March 21, 2006. The first single was "Te Amo Corazón", the video for which was directed by actress Salma Hayek and filmed in Marrakech, Morocco, featuring Argentine actress and singer Mía Maestro. The video for the second single, "Black Sweat", was nominated at the MTV VMAs for Best Cinematography. The immediate success of gave Prince his first No. 1 debut on the 200 with the album.
on February 4, 2006, 17 years after his last appearance on the 15th anniversary special, and nearly 25 years since his first appearance on a regular episode in 1981.
2006 Webby Awards on June 12, Prince received a Webby Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his "visionary use of the Internet to distribute music and connect with audiences", exemplified by his decision to release his album (1998) exclusively online.
NPG Music Club website, after more than five years of operation. On the day of the music club's shutdown, a lawsuit was filed against Prince by the British company HM Publishing (owners of the Nature Publishing Group, also NPG). Despite these events occurring on the same day, Prince's attorney stated that the site did not close due to the trademark dispute.
2006 Brit Awards, along with Wendy & Lisa and Sheila E., and on June 27, Prince appeared at the 2006 BET Awards, where he was awarded Best Male R&B Artist. Prince performed a medley of Chaka Khan songs for Khan's BET Lifetime Achievement Award.
UK Music Hall of Fame; he appeared to collect his award but did not perform. Also in November 2006, Prince opened a nightclub called 3121, in Las Vegas at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino. He performed weekly on Friday and Saturday nights until April 2007, when his contract with the Rio ended.] On August 22, 2006, Prince released Ultimate Prince. The double-disc set contains one CD of previous hits, and another of extended versions and mixes of material that had largely only previously been available on vinyl record B-sides. That same year, Prince wrote and performed a song for the hit animated film Happy Feet (2006). The song, "The Song of the Heart", appears on the film's soundtrack, which also features a cover of Prince's earlier hit "Kiss", sung by Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. In January 2007, "The Song of the Heart" won a Golden Globe for Best Original Song.
Prince's stage set for the Earth Tour in 2007
Super Bowl XLI press conference, and the Super Bowl XLI Halftime Show in Miami, Florida on February 4, 2007, on a large stage shaped like his symbol. The event was carried to 140 million television viewers, his biggest ever audience. In 2015, Billboard.com ranked the performance as the greatest Super Bowl performance ever.
Earth Tour included 21 nights at the 20,000 capacity O2 Arena, with Maceo Parker in his band. Tickets for the O2 Arena were capped by Prince at £31.21 ($48.66). The residency at the O2 Arena was increased to 15 nights after all 140,000 tickets for the original seven sold out in 20 minutes. It was then further extended to 21 nights.
ALMA Awards. On June 28, 2007, the Mail on Sunday stated that it had made a deal to give Prince's new album, Planet Earth, away for free with the paper, making it the first place in the world to get the album. This move sparked controversy among music distributors and also led the UK arm of Prince's distributor, Sony BMG, to withdraw from distributing the album in UK stores. The UK's largest high street music retailer, HMV, stocked the paper on release day due to the giveaway. On July 7, 2007, Prince returned to Minneapolis to perform three shows. He performed concerts at the Macy's Auditorium (to promote his new perfume "3121") on Nicollet Mall, the Target Center arena, and First Avenue. It was the first time he had played at First Avenue (the club appeared in the film ) since 1987.
On April 25, 2008, Prince performed on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, where he debuted a new song, "Turn Me Loose". Days after, he headlined the 2008 Coachella Festival. Prince was paid more than $5 million for his performance at Coachella, according to Reuters.
Prince cancelled a concert, planned at Dublin's Croke Park on June 16, 2008, at 10 days' notice. In October 2009 promoters MCD Productions went to court to sue him for €1.6 million to refund 55,126 tickets. Prince settled the case out of court in February 2010 for $2.95 million. During the trial, it was said that Prince had been offered $22 million for seven concerts as part of a proposed 2008 European tour. In October 2008, Prince released a live album entitled Indigo Nights, a collection of songs performed live at aftershows in the IndigO2.
Prince at the Coachella Festival in 2008
Indie 103.1. The radio station's programmers Max Tolkoff and Mark Sovel had been invited to Prince's home to hear the new rock-oriented music. Prince gave them a CD with four songs to premiere on their radio station. The music debuted the next day on Jonesy's Jukebox, hosted by former Sex Pistol Steve Jones.
Lotusflower, , and an album credited to Bria Valente, called , on March 24, 2009, followed by a physical release on March 29.
Montreux Jazz Festival, backed by the New Power Generation including Rhonda Smith, Renato Neto and John Blackwell. On October 11, 2009, he gave two surprise concerts at the Grand Palais. On October 12, he gave another surprise performance at La Cigale. On October 24, Prince played a concert at Paisley Park.
and Welcome 2 Tours
Minnesota Vikings football game against the Dallas Cowboys. The following month, Prince let Minneapolis-area public radio station 89.3 The Current premiere his new song "Cause and Effect" as a gesture in support of independent radio.
Time's annual ranking of the "100 Most Influential People in the World".
Ebony, and he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2010 BET Awards.
20Ten in July 2010 as a free covermount with publications in the UK, Belgium, Germany, and France. He refused album access to digital download services and closed LotusFlow3r.com.
20Ten Tour, a concert tour in two legs with shows in Europe. The second leg began on October 15 and ended with a concert following the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on November 14. The second half of the tour had a new band, John Blackwell, Ida Kristine Nielsen, and Sheila E. Prince let Europe 1 debut the snippet of his new song "Rich Friends" from the new album on October 8, 2010. Prince started the Welcome 2 Tour on December 15, 2010.
Grammy Hall of Fame on December 7, 2010.
Barbra Streisand with an award and donated $1.5 million to charities. On the same day, it was reported that he had not authorized the television show Glee to cover his hit "Kiss", in an episode that had already been filmed.
Hop Farm Festival on July 3, 2011, marking his first UK show since 2007 and his first ever UK festival appearance.
Purple Music, a Switzerland-based record label, released a CD single "Dance 4 Me" on December 12, 2011, as part of a club remixes package including the Bria Valente CD single "2 Nite" released on February 23, 2012. The CD features club remixes by Jamie Lewis and David Alexander, produced by Prince.
Tours and final years
lyric video for a new song called "Screwdriver". In April 2013, Prince announced a West Coast tour titled Live Out Loud Tour with 3rdeyegirl as his backing band. The final two dates of the first leg of the tour were in Minneapolis where former Revolution drummer Bobby Z. sat in as guest drummer on both shows. In May, Prince announced a deal with Kobalt Music to market and distribute his music.
The single "Breakfast Can Wait" had cover art featuring comedian Dave Chappelle's impersonation of the singer in a sketch on the 2000s Comedy Central series Chappelle's Show.
Hit and Run Tour. Beginning with intimate shows, the first was held at the London home of singer Lianne La Havas, followed by two performances of what Prince described as a "sound check" at the Electric Ballroom in Camden, and another at Shepherd's Bush Empire. On April 18, 2014, Prince released a new single entitled "The Breakdown". He re-signed with his former label, Warner Bros. Records after an 18-year split. Warner announced that Prince would release a remastered deluxe edition of his 1984 album Purple Rain in 2014 to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the album. In return, Warner gave Prince ownership of the master recordings of his Warner recordings.
Camden's Electric Ballroom, billed as 'Soundchecks', and spread throughout the UK capital to KoKo Club, in Camden, Shepherd's Bush Empire and various other small venues. After his London dates he moved on to other European cities.
death of Freddie Gray and the subsequent riots, Prince released a song entitled "Baltimore" in tribute to Gray and in support of the protesters in Baltimore. He also held a tribute concert for Gray at his Paisley Park estate called "Dance Rally 4 Peace" in which he encouraged fans to wear the color gray in honor of Freddie Gray.
Hit n Run Phase One, was first made available on September 7, 2015, on the music streaming service Tidal before being released on CD and for download on September 14. His final album, Hit n Run Phase Two, was meant as a continuation of this one, and was released on Tidal for streaming and download on December 12, 2015.
Piano & A Microphone Tour, a tour that saw his show stripped back to only Prince and a custom piano on stage. He performed a series of warm-up shows at Paisley Park in late January 2016 and the tour commenced in Melbourne, Australia on February 16, 2016 to critical acclaim. The Australian and New Zealand legs of the tour were played in small capacity venues including the Sydney Opera House. CDs were distributed to every attendee after each performance. The tour continued to the United States but was cut abruptly short by illness in April 2016.
Following his death, fans left flowers, purple balloons, and other mementos beneath Prince's star painted on the front of the First Avenue nightclub.
family medicine, in Excelsior on April 7, 2016, and again on April 20. On April 7, Prince postponed two performances at the Fox Theatre in Atlanta from his Piano & A Microphone Tour; the venue released a statement saying he had influenza. Prince rescheduled and performed the show on April 14, even though he still was not feeling well. While flying back to Minneapolis early the next morning, he became unresponsive, and his private jet made an emergency landing at Quad City International Airport in Moline, Illinois, where he was hospitalized and received Narcan. Once he became conscious he left against medical advice. Representatives said he suffered from dehydration and had influenza for several weeks. Prince was seen bicycling the next day in his hometown of Chanhassen. He shopped that evening at the Electric Fetus in Minneapolis for Record Store Day and made a brief appearance at an impromptu dance party at his Paisley Park recording studio complex, stating that he was feeling fine. On April 19, he attended a performance by singer Lizz Wright at the Dakota Jazz Club.
addiction medicine and pain management, seeking medical help for Prince. Kornfeld scheduled to meet with Prince on April 22, and he contacted a local physician who cleared his schedule for a physical examination on April 21. On April 21, at 9:43 am, the Carver County Sheriff's Office received a 9-1-1 call requesting that an ambulance be sent to Prince's home at Paisley Park. The caller initially told the dispatcher that an unidentified person at the home was unconscious, then moments later said he was dead, and finally identified the person as Prince. The caller was Kornfeld's son, who had flown in with buprenorphine that morning to devise a treatment plan for opioid addiction. Emergency responders found Prince unresponsive in an elevator and performed CPR, but a paramedic said he had been dead for about six hours, and they were unable to revive him. They pronounced him dead at 10:07 am, 19 minutes after their arrival. There were no signs of suicide or foul play. A press release from the Midwest Medical Examiner's Office in Anoka County on June 2 stated that Prince had died of an accidental overdose of fentanyl, at the age of 57.
The question of how and from what source Prince obtained the drug which led to his death has been the subject of investigations by several law enforcement agencies. A sealed search warrant was issued for his estate, and another, unsealed, warrant was issued for the local Walgreens pharmacy. On April 19, 2018, the Carver County Attorney announced that the multi-agency investigation related to the circumstances of Prince's death had ended with no criminal charges filed.
cremated. On April 26, 2016, Prince's sister and only full sibling Tyka Nelson filed court documents in Carver County, to open a probate case, stating that no will had been found. Prince's five half-siblings also have a claim to his estate, which totals millions of dollars and includes real estate, stocks, and cars. As of three weeks after his death, 700 people claimed to be half-siblings or descendants. Bremer Trust was given temporary control of his estate, had his vault drilled open, and was authorized to obtain a blood sample for DNA profiling.
3D printed urn shaped like the Paisley Park estate. The urn was placed on display in the atrium of the Paisley Park complex in October 2016.
Lowry Bridge illuminated in purple, his favourite colour, in remembrance of Prince
President Barack Obama mourned him, and the United States Senate passed a resolution praising his achievements "as a musician, composer, innovator, and cultural icon". Cities across the US held tributes and vigils, and lit buildings, bridges, and other venues in purple. In the first five hours after the media reported his death, "Prince" was the top trending term on Twitter, and Facebook had 61 million Prince-related interactions. MTV interrupted its programming to air a marathon of Prince music videos and . AMC Theatres and Carmike Cinemas screened in select theaters over the following week. Saturday Night Live aired an episode in his honor titled "Goodnight, Sweet Prince", featuring his performances from the show.
Nielsen Music reported an initial sales spike of 42,000 percent. Prince's catalog sold 4.41 million albums and songs from April 21 to 28, with five albums simultaneously in the top ten of the 200, a first in the chart's history. At the 59th Grammy Awards, Morris Day with the Time and Bruno Mars performed a tribute to him.
Condé Nast, released a special edition commemorative magazine, . The magazine was a celebration of Prince's life and achievements, with new photography and archive articles, including the original Vanity Fair article from Nov 1984, written in the wake of Prince's breakout success, with other content from , , , and . The cover of featured a portrait by Andy Warhol, . Casts of the musicals The Color Purple and Hamilton paid tribute to Prince during their curtain calls with "Purple Rain" and "Let's Go Crazy" respectively
Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame.
4Ever, which was released on November 22, 2016. The album contains one previously unreleased song: "Moonbeam Levels", recorded in 1982 during the sessions.
, was announced, with an expected release date for later that week. The next day, Prince's estate was granted a temporary restraining order against George Ian Boxill – an engineer who co-produced the tracks and was in possession of the master tapes – and halted the release of the EP.
Universal Music Group, which includes the post-1995 recordings on his NPG Records label and unreleased tracks from his vault. On June 27, Comerica (acting on behalf of the estate) requested that Carver County District Judge Kevin Eide cancel the estate's deal with Universal, as UMG's contract would interfere with a contract with Warner Music Group that Prince signed in 2014. After Universal's attorneys were granted access to the Warner contract, the attorneys also offered to cancel the deal. On July 13, the court voided Universal's deal with Prince's estate, though Universal will continue to administer Prince's songwriting credits and create merchandise.
was re-released as the Deluxe and Deluxe Expanded editions. It is the first Prince album to be remastered and reissued. The Deluxe edition consists of two discs, the first being a remaster of the original album made in 2015 overseen by Prince himself and a bonus disc of previously unreleased songs, called . The Deluxe Expanded edition consists of two more discs, a disc with all the single edits, maxi-single edits and B-sides from the era, and a DVD with a concert from the Purple Rain Tour filmed in Syracuse, New York on March 30, 1985, previously released on home video in 1985. The album debuted at No. 4 on the 200 and at No. 1 on both the R&B Albums and Vinyl Albums charts.
Nothing Compares 2 U" from 1984 was released as a single by Warner Bros. Records in conjunction with Prince's estate. In addition, the Prince version was given its own music video, released in conjunction with the single; the video consists of edited rehearsal footage for the tour, shot in the summer of 1984. Troy Carter, adviser for Prince's estate, later announced in an interview with Variety that a full-length album is planned for release on September 28, 2018.
Tidal. This album is rumored to be Prince's planned follow-up to Hit n Run Phase Two, as part of his original deal with the streaming service. It has also been announced for a worldwide physical CD release a month after.
Sony Music Entertainment, which includes the rights to all of Prince's studio albums, plus unreleased music, remixes, live recordings, music videos and B-sides from before 1995. The deal will immediately include Prince's albums from 1995 to 2010. Beginning in 2021, Prince's Warner Bros. albums from 1978–1996 will become distributed by Sony/Legacy Recordings in the United States, with Warner Music Group still controlling the international rights.
Heritage Auctions announced the auction of Prince's personal possessions to be conducted in Dallas, Texas on July 21, 2018. Total of 27 items was announced to be put in the auction, including Prince's bible, stage worn clothing, and some personal documents.
NPG Records released all 23 post Warner Bros albums by Prince digitally on streaming platforms like Tidal, Spotify and Apple Music together with a new compilation album named Anthology: 1995–2010 containing 37 tracks.
Piano and a Microphone 1983 was released on CD, vinyl, and digital formats. It is the first album released by the Prince estate with material from his archive, the Vault.
A costume worn by Prince and associated memorabilia, displayed at a Hard Rock Cafe in Australia
Los Angeles Times called Prince "our first post-everything pop star, defying easy categories of race, genre and commercial appeal." Jon Pareles of The New York Times described him as "a master architect of funk, rock, R&B and pop", and highlighted his ability to defy labels. writer Randall Roberts called Prince "among the most versatile and restlessly experimental pop artists of our time," writing that his "early work connected disco and synthetic funk [while his] fruitful mid-period merged rock, soul, R&B and synth-pop." Simon Reynolds called him a "pop polymath, flitting between funkadelia, acid rock, deep soul, schmaltz—often within the same song". AllMusic wrote that, "With each album he released, Prince showed remarkable stylistic growth and musical diversity, constantly experimenting with different sounds, textures, and genres [...] no other contemporary artist blended so many diverse styles into a cohesive whole." Rolling Stone ranked Prince at number 27 on its list of 100 Greatest Artists, "the most influential artists of the rock & roll era".
He came to be regarded as a sex symbol for his androgynous, amorphous sexuality, play with signifiers of gender, and defiance of racial stereotypes. His "audacious, idiosyncratic" fashion sense made use of "ubiquitous purple, alluring makeup and frilled garments." His androgynous look has been compared to that of Little Richard and David Bowie. In 2016, Reynolds described it as "Prince's '80s evasion of conventional gender definitions speaks to us now in this trans-aware moment. But it also harks backwards in time to the origins of rock 'n' roll in racial mixture and sexual blurring".
Prince had been using canes as part of his outfit from the early 1990s onwards; towards the end of his life he regularly walked with a cane in public engagements, which led to speculation that it resulted from his not having undergone the surgery.
Slate said he worked with an "astounding range of female stars" and "promised a world where men and women looked and acted like each other."
Pantone Inc. introduced a new shade of purple in their color system in honor of Prince. The shade is called and is defined as Pantone color number 19-3528, web palette #4F3D63 or RGB 79,61,99.
and drew inspiration from a range of musicians, including James Brown, George Clinton, Joni Mitchell, Duke Ellington, Jimi Hendrix, the Beatles, Chuck Berry, David Bowie, Earth, Wind & Fire, Mick Jagger, Rick James, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard, Curtis Mayfield, Elvis Presley, Todd Rundgren, Carlos Santana, Sly Stone, Jackie Wilson, and Stevie Wonder. Prince has been compared with jazz great Miles Davis in regard to the artistic changes throughout his career. Davis said he regarded Prince as an otherworldly blend of James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, Marvin Gaye, Sly Stone, Little Richard, Duke Ellington, and Charlie Chaplin. Prince and Miles Davis performed together for a Charity Event at Paisley Park. This performance was viewed as the pinnacle of their on-again, off-again partnership.
Nik Cohn described him as "rock's greatest ever natural talent". His singing abilities encompassed a wide range from falsetto to baritone and rapid, seemingly effortless shifts of register. Prince was also renowned as a multi-instrumentalist. He is considered a guitar virtuoso and a master of drums, percussion, bass, keyboards, and synthesizer. On his first five albums, he played nearly all the instruments, including 27 instruments on his debut album, among them various types of bass, keyboards and synthesizers. Prince was also quick to embrace technology in his music, making pioneering use of drum machines like the Linn LM-1 on his early '80s albums and employing a wide range of studio effects. The also noted his "harnessing [of] new-generation synthesizer sounds in service of the groove," laying the foundations for post-'70s funk music. Prince was also known for his prolific and perfectionist tendencies, which resulted in him recording large amounts of unreleased material.
Susanna Hoffs), "I Feel For You", originally on Prince's self-titled second album from 1979, covered by Chaka Khan, and "Nothing Compares 2 U", written for Prince's side project the Family, and covered very successfully by Sinead O'Connor. Neither "I Feel For You" nor "Nothing Compares 2 U" were actually written for the singers who made them famous. Prince co-wrote "Love... Thy Will Be Done" with singer Martika, for her second album Martika's Kitchen, and also gifted Celine Dion a song for her second album, , titled "With This Tear"; a song Prince had written specifically for her. Prince also wrote "U" for Paula Abdul, appearing on her 1991 release .
Alicia Keys, Usher, Janelle Monáe, The Weeknd, Justin Timberlake, Lenny Kravitz, Andre 3000, and Frank Ocean.
The Gold Experience, a legal battle ensued between Warner Bros. and Prince over the artistic and financial control of his musical output. During the lawsuit, Prince appeared in public with the word "slave" written on his cheek. He explained that he had changed his name to an unpronounceable symbol to emancipate himself from his contract with Warner Bros., and that he had done it out of frustration because he felt his own name now belonged to the company.
Pseudonyms he adopted, at various times, include: and (for the songs he wrote for the Time and many other artists from 1981 to 1984), (for many unreleased Prince songs in the late 1980s, as well as songs written for Sheena Easton and Kenny Rogers), (for writing the song "Sugar Walls" (1984) by Sheena Easton), and (used for his song writing credit of "Manic Monday" (1986) for the Bangles).
YouTube and eBay, because they hosted his copyrighted material, and he hired the international Internet policing company Web Sheriff. In October, Stephanie Lenz filed a lawsuit against Universal Music Publishing Group claiming that they were abusing copyright law after the music publisher had YouTube take down Lenz's home movie in which the Prince song "Let's Go Crazy" played faintly in the background. On November 5, several Prince fan sites formed "Prince Fans United" to fight back against legal requests which, they claim, Prince made to prevent all use of photographs, images, lyrics, album covers, and anything linked to his likeness. Prince's lawyers claimed that this constituted copyright infringement; the Prince Fans United said that the legal actions were "attempts to stifle all critical commentary about Prince". Prince's promoter AEG stated that the only offending items on the three fansites were live shots from Prince's 21 nights in London at the O2 Arena earlier in the year.
was retitled "F.U.N.K.", but this is not one of the selected songs available on the iTunes Store. On November 14, the satirical website b3ta.com pulled their "image challenge of the week" devoted to Prince after legal threats from the star under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).
Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival ("Coachella Festival"), Prince performed a cover of Radiohead's "Creep", but immediately afterward he forced YouTube and other sites to remove footage that fans had taken of the performance, despite Radiohead's request to leave it on the website. Days later, YouTube reinstated the videos, as Radiohead said: "it's our song, let people hear it." In 2009, Prince put the video of the Coachella performance on his official website.
Electronic Frontier Foundation granted to Prince the inaugural "Raspberry Beret Lifetime Aggrievement Award" for what they said was abuse of the DMCA takedown process.
against 22 online users for direct copyright infringement, unauthorized fixation, contributory copyright infringement, and bootlegging. Several of the users were fans who had shared links to bootlegged versions of Prince concerts through social media websites like Facebook. In the same month, he dismissed the entire action without prejudice.
"Weird Al" Yankovic permission to parody his music. By Yankovic's account, he'd done so "about a half-dozen times" and has been the sole artist not to give any explanation for his rejection beyond a flat "no".
Prince's home and recording studio, Paisley Park, in Chanhassen, Minnesota
Kim Basinger, Madonna, Vanity, Sheila E., Carmen Electra, Susanna Hoffs, Anna Fantastic, Sherilyn Fenn, and Susan Moonsie. He was engaged to Susannah Melvoin in 1985. In 1990, he met 16-year-old Mayte Garcia backstage in Germany after he saw a tape of her dancing. She moved into his Paisley Park home and he became her guardian. After graduating high school, she began working as one of his backup singers and dancers. When she was 19, he instructed her to get on birth control, thus beginning their sexual relationship. They were married on February 14, 1996; he was 37 and she was 22. They had a son named Amiir Nelson, who was born on October 16, 1996 and died a week later on October 23 after suffering from Pfeiffer syndrome. The distress of losing a child and a subsequent miscarriage took a toll on the marriage, and the couple divorced in 2000. In 2001, Prince married Manuela Testolini in a private ceremony. They separated in 2005 and divorced in May 2006.
animal rights activist who followed a vegan diet for part of his life, but later described himself as vegetarian. The liner notes for his album Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic (1999) featured a message about the cruelty involved in wool production. He became a Jehovah's Witness in 2001, following a two-year debate with bassist Larry Graham who became his mentor and a close friend at this time. Prince said that he did not consider it a conversion, but a "realization", comparing it to "Morpheus and Neo in The Matrix". Prince attended meetings at a local Kingdom Hall and occasionally knocked on people's doors to discuss his faith.
that he would not undergo the operation because of his refusal to have blood transfusions. The reported that Graham "denied claims that Prince couldn't have hip surgery because his faith prohibited blood transfusions" and put the false rumor to rest as hip surgery does not require blood transfusions. According to Morris Day, Prince in fact had the hip surgery in 2008.
In 2001, Prince donated $12,000 anonymously to the Louisville Free Public Library system to keep the historic Western Branch Library, the first full service library for African Americans in the country, from closure. Also in 2001, he anonymously paid off the medical bills of drummer Clyde Stubblefield, who was undergoing cancer treatment. In 2015, he conceived and launched YesWeCode, paying for many hackathons outright and performing at some of them. He also helped fund Green for All.
memoir, tentatively titled but due to his untimely death only a few weeks later this project never came to fruition.
List of awards and nominations received by Prince
Prince albums discography, Prince singles discography, The New Power Generation, and Madhouse (band)
For You (1978)
Dirty Mind (1980)
Purple Rain (1984)
Around the World in a Day (1985)
Sign o' the Times (1987)
Graffiti Bridge (1990)
Diamonds and Pearls (1991)
Love Symbol Album (1992)
The Black Album (1994)
The Gold Experience (1995)
Chaos and Disorder (1996)
Crystal Ball (1998)
The Truth (1998)
The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale (1999)
Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic (1999)
The Rainbow Children (2001)
One Nite Alone... (2002)
The Chocolate Invasion (2004)
The Slaughterhouse (2004)
Planet Earth (2007)
Art Official Age (2014)
HITnRUN Phase One (2015)
HITnRUN Phase Two (2015)
Piano and a Microphone 1983 (2018)
Madhouse, three albums credited to the New Power Generation and one credited to the NPG Orchestra:
Newpower Soul (1998)
Under the Cherry Moon
Sign o' the Times
3 Chains o' Gold
Prince Tour (1979–80)
Dirty Mind Tour (1980–81)
Controversy Tour (1981–82)
1999 Tour (1982–83)
Purple Rain Tour (1984–85)
Parade Tour (1986)
Sign o' the Times Tour (1987)
Lovesexy Tour (1988–89)
Nude Tour (1990)
Diamonds and Pearls Tour (1992)
Act I and II (1993)
Interactive Tour (1994)
The Ultimate Live Experience (1995)
Gold Tour (1996)
Love 4 One Another Charities Tour (1997)
Jam of the Year Tour (1997–98)
New Power Soul Tour/Festival (1998)
Hit n Run Tour (2000–01)
A Celebration (2001)
One Nite Alone... Tour (2002)
2003–2004 World Tour (2003–04)
Musicology Live 2004ever (2004)
Per4ming Live 3121 (2006–07)
Earth Tour (2007)
20Ten Tour (2010)
Welcome 2 (2010–12)
Live Out Loud Tour (2013)
Hit and Run Tour (2014–15)
Piano & A Microphone Tour (2016)
List of best-selling music artists
List of best-selling music artists in the United States
Unreleased Prince projects
African American portalChristianity portalPop music portalGuitar portalFashion portalMinnesota portal
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"Prince: The artist who formerly liked the Internet". CNET 2016.
"Prince had a complicated relationship with the Internet". The Washington Post 2016.
"Prince Site Fades to Black". E! Online 2016.
"Prince's NPG Music Club Shutting Down". . July 12, 2006 2016.
"Watch Prince Masterfully Perform 'Purple Rain' and 'Let's Go Crazy' at 2006 Brit Awards". 2016.
"You booty at BET awards". The Sydney Morning Herald. June 29, 2006 2016.
"Golden Globe Awards". goldenglobes.org. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010.
"Purple Rain Turned Super". . Archived from the original on April 12, 2009 2007.
"10 Best Super Bowl Halftime Shows". . January 30, 2015 2016.
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"Prince extends tour". . June 11, 2007. Archived from the original on April 27, 2011 2009.
"Music industry attacks Sunday newspaper's free Prince CD". . UK 2009.
"Prince Thrills Fans With 3 Minneapolis Shows". wcco.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2010.
"Prince plays 3 shows in his hometown". . July 8, 2007.
"Prince's Manager Shortlisted For Asian Woman of Achievement Award". MTV News 2014.
"Prince reigns at California music festival". Reuters.
"Prince settles cancelled Dublin gig case". BBC News. February 26, 2010 2016.
"Prince ordered to pay Irish promoter $3 million". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 29, 2010.
"Singer Prince Settles Lawsuit Over Axed Dublin Gig". Boston Globe. February 26, 2010.
"Prince Premieres Four New Songs on L.A.'s Indie 103; New Album on the Way". 2012.
"103.1 debuts new Prince tracks". .
"Tickets to Prince's Paris Shows Sell out in 77 Minutes". Agence France-Presse. October 9, 2009. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013 2016.
"All Day, All Night – How I Spent My Weekend at Paisley Park". . Archived from the original on October 31, 2009.
"Prince Releases Minnesota Vikings Song". myfox9.com. January 21, 2010. Archived from the original on March 16, 2010.
"Prince Gives New 'Cause and Effect' to Minnesota Public Radio". 2016.
"Full List – The 2010 TIME 100". . April 29, 2010 2010.
"Prince Covers Ebony's July 2010 Issue". . June 7, 2010.
"Prince To Be Honored By BET". . September 14, 2009 2010.
"Prince To Release '20Ten' For Free in Europe". 2010.
"Prince postpones concert in Helsinki". 2016.
"Kanye West and Prince join F1 line-up". .
"Official PRINCE Tour Announcement". Drfunkenberry.com. September 30, 2010 2010.
"New Prince Song Snippet!~ "Rich Friends" Listen Now". Drfunkenberry.com. October 8, 2010 2011.
"Prince Rocks Opening Night of His 'Welcome 2 America' Tour at the Izod". Drfunkenberry.com. December 16, 2010 2011.
"PRINCE & The Revolution's "Purple Rain" Get Grammy Induction + My Thoughts". Drfunkenberry.com. December 7, 2010 2011.
"Prince Presents Barbra Streisand With Award; Gives Away 1.5 million To Charities". Drfunkenberry.com. February 12, 2011 2011.
"Exclusive! Prince Not Happy With "Glee" Over Use Of "Kiss". Drfunkenberry.com. February 12, 2011 2011.
"Prince to Join Morrissey and Brandon Flowers at Hop Farm Festival 2011". 2012.
"Prince released new song "extraloveable". Drfunkenberry.com. November 23, 2011 2011.
"Bria Valente". Purplemusic.ch. February 23, 2012 2012.
"Prince Posts Clip for New Song 'Screwdriver". . January 23, 2013 2013.
"3rdeyegirl tour dates". Drfunkenberry.com 2013.
"Bobby Z. Will Play "Purple Rain" With Prince at the Myth!". Drfunkenberry.com. May 24, 2013 2013.
"Prince & Kobalt Make Marketing & Distribution Deal Official". Drfunkenberry.com. May 20, 2013 2013.
"3RDEYEGIRL – PLECTRUMELECTRUM". . Archived from the original on December 29, 2013 2014.
"Dave Chappelle and Prince, together at last! (Sort of)". 2013.
"Prince to charge $10 for live shows". BBC News. February 5, 2014 2014.
"Prince's Band Release Live Footage of Shepherds Bush Empire Gig". 2016.
"Purple Rain Deluxe Edition". Super Deluxe Edition. April 18, 2014 2015.
"Prince Fans Prepare for the Deluge". NPR. April 19, 2014 2014.
"A day with Prince at Paisley Park". 2017.
"Prince records tribute to Baltimore and Freddie Gray". . May 1, 2015 2016.
"Prince to release song dedicated to Baltimore". The Baltimore Sun. May 2, 2015 2016.
"CNN Exclusive: Prince records ode to Baltimore after Freddie Gray protests". CNN 2016.
"Baltimore riots: Prince records tribute song after Freddie Gray dies in police custody". . London 2016.
"Prince holds dance party in tribute to Freddie Gray". Consequence of Sound.
"Prince's Album 'HITNRUN' no Longer a Tidal Exclusive, Technically". 2016.
"Prince releases on Tidal". 2016.
"Prince Melbourne review. Five stars for the most intimate Australian show of his career". 2016.
"Minneapolis doctor who was treating Prince is identified". MinnPost 2016.
"Prince has postponed both of tonight's shows". 2016.
"All's good' with Prince, back in Chanhassen after emergency landing". 2016.
"Music News: Prince appears at Paisley Park to assure fans he's okay after health scare". April 17, 2016 2016.
"Prince died amid frantic plans for drug addiction treatment". 2016.
"Clues to the Mystery of Prince's Final Days". 2016.
"In Prince's final days, video shows him on bike". WWLP. April 23, 2016 2016.
"April 17, 2016: Prince offers a little speech and even less piano at Paisley to prove he's fine". 2016.
"Prince's Final Moments in Minneapolis". WCCO 2016.
"Friends Sought Help for Prince's Addiction, Lawyer Says". 2016. and "Prince's Addiction and an Intervention Too Late". The New York Times 2016.
Staff (April 21, 2016). "Prince Reportedly Treated for Drug Overdose Before Death; 911 Details Released". . Archived from the original on May 7, 2016 2016.
"Prince died from accidental overdose of fentanyl, medical examiner says". Star Tribune 2016.
"Press Release June 2, 2016" (Press release). Midwest Medical Examiner's Office 2016.
"Prince Is Dead at 57". 2016.
"Prince overdose: Authorities looking into how pop star obtained fentanyl". . Los Angeles: Davan Maharaj 2016.
"Search Warrant Issued for Prince's Paisley Park Estate". ABC News 2016.
"Authorities raid Minnesota Walgreens where Prince reportedly picked up prescriptions for heavy-duty medications". Daily News. New York 2016.
"Carver County Attorney Mark Metz announces no criminal charges following the Prince Rogers Nelson death investigation" (Press release).
"Carver County closes Prince death investigation with no criminal charges". 2018.
"Prince death: What we know". Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. CNN 2016.
"Prince had no will, says his sister". CNN 2016.
State of Minnesota State of Prince
"700 people claim to be Prince's half-siblings as judge orders DNA tests to find legitimate heirs". . MGN Ltd 2016.
"Prince's Vault Reportedly Drilled Open". ABC News. April 29, 2016 2016.
"Genetic testing ordered on Prince's blood to handle 'parentage' claims". . Gannett 2016.
"Prince's Remains on Display at Paisley Park in an Urn Shaped Like Paisley Park | Pitchfork". 2016.
"Prince's Ashes Are Now on Display at Paisley Park in an Appropriately Regal Urn". 2016.
"Celebs React to Prince's Death: Read Touching Tributes From Carmen Electra, Katy Perry, Madonna and More". Entertainment Tonight 2016.
"Prince dead at 57, artists pay tribute". Fact. April 21, 2016 2016.
"How did President Obama mourn Prince's death?". The Washington Post 2016.
"Senate passes resolution honoring Prince". The Hill 2016.
"Parties, vigils, other tributes to Prince in many cities". CBS News. Associated Press. April 22, 2016 2016.
"Purple Rain: Cities Across the Country Light Up in Memory of Prince". KTLA. April 21, 2016 2016.
"Boston Honors Prince By Lighting Zakim Bridge, South Station Purple". WBZ-TV. April 21, 2016 2016.
"Social media explodes as Prince tributes mark death of music icon". Reuters 2016.
"Purple Rain' Is Not on Netflix, But It Will Air on MTV Thursday Night As Part of Its Prince Takeover" 2016.
"Where to watch 'Purple Rain' this weekend". 2016.
"Goodnight, Sweet Prince: 'SNL' to Honor Music Icon With Special Tribute". 2016.
"Prince album sales skyrocket after death". 2016.
"Prince Sets Record With Five Albums in Top 10 of Billboard 200 Chart". 2016.
"Bruno Mars Channels Prince in Rousing Grammys Tribute". 2017.
"Purple Fame: An Appreciation of Prince at the Height of His Powers. Vanity Fair article from Nov 1984". 2018.
"Prince Resources at the Minneapolis Central... | Hennepin County Library". 2018.
"Andy Warhol's Prince painting on a cover". . February 28, 2017 2018.
"Prince, Smokey Robinson and more to be inducted into Rhythm & Blues Music Hall of Fame". June 6, 2016.
"Billboard 200 Chart Moves: Prince's '4Ever' Marks Late Icon's 40th Charting Album". Billboard 2017.
"Unreleased Prince Songs Coming on New EP, "Deliverance" Shared: Listen | Pitchfork". 2017.
"Deliverance' Denied: Release Of Posthumous Prince Record Stopped By Judge". 2017.
"Universal to Release Prince's Vault Music, Post-1995 Albums". Rolling Stone 2017.
"Universal presses bid to void music deal with Prince estate". 2017.
"Court Voids Universal $31 Million Deal With Prince Estate". Billboard 2017.
"Prince's 'Purple Rain' Hits Top 5 of Billboard 200 Albums Chart After Reissue". Billboard 2017.
"Prince's 'Purple Rain' Expanded Edition Coming June 23 with Unreleased Tracks". Billboard 2017.
"Listen to Prince's Original Version of "Nothing Compares 2 U" | Pitchfork". 2018.
"Prince – Nothing Compares 2 U [OFFICIAL VIDEO] – YouTube". April 19, 2018 2018 – via YouTube.
"Prince Album of Previously Unreleased Material Coming in September (EXCLUSIVE)". 2018.
"Tidal will debut an unreleased Prince album in 2019".
"Prince Estate Signs Deal With Sony Music to Re-Release 35 Catalog Albums".
"Sony Music signs exclusive distribution deal with the Prince Estate - Music Business Worldwide". June 27, 2018.
"Prince's Bible, Stage-Worn Clothing and Personal Documents Up for Auction". 2018.
"Prince's personal tour bible and suit set to be auctioned off". 2018.
"23 Prince albums made available to stream for the first time". Official Charts Company 2018.
"Alone in the Studio in 1983, Prince Is Revealed". New York Times 2018.
"Prince, master of rock, soul, pop and funk, dies at 57". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 23 April 2016 2016.
Pareles, Jon (April 21, 2016). "Prince, an Artist Who Defied Genre, Is Dead at 57". 2016.
"Prince's secret weapon: a versatility that united pop genres under one roof". 2016.
, p. 49–55.
"Prince Biography". AllMusic 2016.
"Floridian: Prince and the Evolution". 2012.
"Mourning Prince and David Bowie, who showed there's no one right way to be a man". 2016.
"The Purple One 151 53 Black or white, straight or gay, rock or R&B, male or female—Prince transcended every category". Slate 2016.
"Prince broke all the rules about what black American men should be". 2016.
"Little Richard – 100 Greatest Singers". 2015.
, pp. 125–126.
"How Prince's Androgynous Genius Changed the Way We Think About Music and Gender". 2017.
"When Hip Gives Way to Hip Replacement". . London 2018.
"Prince death: Five strange stories about mysterious US musician". BBC News. April 22, 2016 2018.
"Prince Spent His Life Elevating and Mentoring Women". The Muse 2016.
"Prince Was One of Pop Music's Greatest Champions of Women". Slate 2016.
"Pantone announces new purple shade in honor of Prince". The Guardian 2018.
"The Prince Estate and Pantone Unveil Love Symbol #2 logo". Pantone. August 14, 2017 2018.
"Prince's official purple now a recognized pantone color". 2018.
"Pantone Announces Official Prince Color: Purple 'Love Symbol #2". Variety 2018.
, pp. 5–6.
, p. 87: "Prince has acknowledged George [Clinton]'s influence, as well as that of James Brown and Sly Stone."
, p. 494: "Prince had always been influenced by the bandleading style of James Brown, […]"
, p. 88.
"Mighty Mighty". Vibe. p. 81 2016.
Lester, Paul; Hot Chip (July 25, 2008). "That's one potent hot toddy". 2016.
, p. 418.
, p. 9.
, p. xii.
"Stevie Wonder reflects on Prince: 'It's a heartbreak to lose a member of that army of love". 2016.
"A Prince We Followed Anywhere". CNN 2016.
"Prince Live". The New Yorker 2016.
, p. 277.
Cohn, Nik (April 21, 2016). "Prince, the godfather of R&B, had his fingerprints everywhere". GQ 2016.
"The World Lost a Creative Icon': Prince, Legendary Musician, Dies at 57". 2016.
: "Evidence of Prince's desire to control everything was blatantly apparent in the presentation of the credits on the album's sleeve: produced, arranged, composed and performed by Prince and a listing of the 27 instruments he played."
"Prince Understood the Value of Technology for Music Early On". 2016.
"The 14 drum machines that shaped modern music". Fact. Archived from the original on August 11, 2015 2016.
"Prince Dies at 57: Iconic Musical Genius Found Dead in Paisley Park". 2016.
Prince’s output in the ‘80s and ‘90s was amazing — Sinead, The Bangles and Martika benefited the most Sydney Morning Herald, April 23, 2016
"Prince Fought Big Labels For Ownership, Artistic Control". NBC News 2016.
, p. 191.
"Pop Cult". . p. 63 2017.
"Prince To Sue YouTube, eBay Over Unauthorized Content". . September 14, 2007 2016.
"Prince takes on YouTube over clips". The Times. London. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008 2016.
"The Home Video Prince Doesn't Want You to See". ABC News 2016.
"Prince threatens to sue his fans over online images". 2009.
"Prince 'not suing fans': Singer hits back at fansite claims". . November 9, 2007 2017.
"Prince Releases Diss Track As Battle With Fans Gets Funky". .
"B3ta bates Prince". 2016.
"Prince Is Being A "Creep," Radiohead Tell Him He's A Loser". StereoGum. May 30, 2008 2014.
"The Raspberry Beret Lifetime Aggrievement Award". Eff.org. May 7, 2013 2013.
"Prince Inducted into Takedown Hall of Shame With New Lifetime Aggrievement Award | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. May 7, 2013 2013.
"Prince v. Chodera". Scribd.com 2014.
"Prince Files Lawsuit Against Facebook Fans Over Bootlegged Concerts". 2014.
"Prince sues internet users for total of $22m over alleged bootleg recordings". 2014.
"Prince v. Chodera – Voluntary Dismissal Without Prejudice". Scribd.com 2014.
"Alpocalypse Now: 'Weird Al' Yankovic Says 'Twitter Saved My Album". 2016.
, p. 125.
"Purple Reign". 2016.
. Orion Publishing Co. ISBN 9781409171201.
"Prince's Saddest Song". 2016.
"Prince's Wife, Manuela (Partner of five years), Filed for Divorce". 2016.
"A Prince of a Guy". Vegetarian Times. pp. 79–83 2016.
. April 15, 2011 2016 – via YouTube.
"Off stage, Prince was a passionate and quirky food lover, too". Today 2016.
"Prince Is Voted 'Sexiest Vegetarian". CBS News 2016.
"The Animal Kingdom Has Lost Its Prince". PETA 2016.
"Six things about Prince you forgot or never knew". The Kansas City Star 2016.
"Soup With Prince". 2016.
"Prince's Little-Known Life". The Wall Street Journal 2016.
"Prince refuses hip surgery because of his faith". 2016.
"We lost a spiritual brother' in Prince". . Minneapolis, MN 2016.
"Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty in Jehovah's Witnesses". . Healio. (8): e1145–e1151. doi:10.3928/01477447-20120725-11 2016.
"Total Hip Replacement Surgery without Blood Transfusion in Jehovah's Witnesses" . . Oxford University Press. : 306–30. doi:10.1093/bja/68.3.306 2016.
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"Jimmy Jam Opens Up About Prince's Hip Issues". Your Daily Dish 2016.
"The breadth and power of Prince's activism begins to be revealed after his death". Daily Kos 2016.
"Prince made secret donation to support Louisville's historic Western Branch Library in 2001". Insider Louisville 2016.
"Prince Paid Off 'Funky Drummer' Clyde Stubblefield's Medical Bills". . Archived from the original on May 5, 2016 2016.
"Prince remembered as innovator, advocate for Black youth". 2016.
"Prince Announces Coming Memoir at Performance". 2016.
. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1556525729.
. Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 9780020604105.
. Rough Guides Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0.
. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415120821.
. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0472032600.
. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-1477309087.
. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Backbeat Books. ISBN 9780879309619.
. Jawbone Press. ISBN 978-1-906002-18-3.
. Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306806438.
. . Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 0-313-34046-3.
. Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7749-7.
. Abingdon-on-Thames, UK: Routledge. ISBN 9780754668763.
Heatley, Michael (2008). . Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-7621-0988-3.
. Harmony Books. ISBN 9780517572825.
. New York: Continuum. ISBN 978-0826414045.
Light, Alan (2014). (2015 reprint ed.). Atria Books. ISBN 978-1476776750.
. 33 1/3. New York: Continuum. ISBN 9781441141767.
. . Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-1440803390.
. SAF. ISBN 0-946719-64-0.
. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-98723-X.
Reynolds, Simon (1990). . Serpent's Tail. ISBN 1-85242-199-1.
. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-38300-8.
Touré (2013). . New York: Atria Books. ISBN 978-1476705491.
. Nilsen Publishing. ISBN 91-631-5482-X.
. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-03147-3.
. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-306-80552-9.
. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 978-1-55972-448-7.
. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1-250-12754-9.
. Trapeze. ISBN 978-1-409-16920-8.
Prince at Encyclopædia Britannica
Prince on IMDb
Prince at the TCM Movie Database
Prince at Find a Grave
Prince at AllMusic
Prince at Billboard.com
Performance at Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at his induction in 2004
Funky 4 + 1 More
Saturday Night Live musical guestTodd Rundgren)February 21, 1981
musical guestFebruary 4, 2006
Fall Out Boy
musical guestNovember 1, 2014
Awards and nominations
Dirty Mind Tour
Purple Rain Tour
Sign o' the Times Tour
Diamonds and Pearls Tour
Act I and II
The Ultimate Live Experience
Love 4 One Another Charities Tour
Jam of the Year Tour
New Power Soul Tour
Hit n Run Tour
One Nite Alone... Tour
World Tour 2003
Musicology Live 2004ever
Per4ming Live 3121
The Earth Tour: 21 Nights in London
Live Out Loud Tour
Hit and Run Tour
Piano & A Microphone Tour
Under the Cherry Moon
Sign o' the Times
VideographyPrince and the Revolution: Live
Diamonds and Pearls Video Collection
The Hits Collection
3 Chains o' Gold
Rave Un2 the Year 2000
Live at the Aladdin Las Vegas
Glam Slam Ulysses
Paisley Park Records
The New Power Generation
Mayte Garcia (first wife)
Manuela Testolini (second wife)
John L. Nelson (father)
Tyka Nelson (sister)
NPG Music Club
Around the World in a Day
Sign o' the Times
Diamonds and Pearls
The Black Album
The Gold Experience
Chaos and Disorder
The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale
Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic
The Rainbow Children
One Nite Alone...
The Chocolate Invasion
Art Official Age
Hit n Run Phase One
Hit n Run Phase Two
Piano and a Microphone 1983
One Nite Alone... Live!
Rave In2 the Joy Fantastic
The Hits/The B-Sides
The Very Best of Prince
singlesSoft and Wet"
Just as Long as We're Together"
I Wanna Be Your Lover"
Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?"
Do It All Night"
Gotta Stop (Messin' About)"
Do Me, Baby"
Little Red Corvette"
Let's Pretend We're Married"
When Doves Cry"
Let's Go Crazy"
I Would Die 4 U"
Take Me with U"
Girls & Boys"
Sign "O" the Times"
If I Was Your Girlfriend"
U Got the Look"
I Could Never Take the Place of Your Man"
I Wish U Heaven"
The Arms of Orion"
Thieves in the Temple"
New Power Generation"
Diamonds and Pearls"
Money Don't Matter 2 Night"
My Name Is Prince"
The Morning Papers"
Nothing Compares 2 U"
The Most Beautiful Girl in the World"
I Hate U"
Dinner with Delores"
Betcha by Golly Wow!"
The Holy River"
The Greatest Romance Ever Sold"
U Make My Sun Shine" Angie Stone)
When Will We B Paid?"
The Work, pt. 1"
Days of Wild"
Controversy (Live in Hawaii)"
Te Amo Corazón"
Breakfast Can Wait"
singlesWhen You Were Mine"
Nothing Compares 2 U"
Love Sign" Nona Gaye)
The Rest of My Life"
It's About That Walk"
Call My Name"
The Song of the Heart"
Live from Paisley Park"
Guitar (original "demo" version)"
The Beautiful Experience
1999: The New Master
I Feel for You"
When You Were Mine"
How Come U Don't Call Me Anymore?"
The Beautiful Ones"
Baby I'm a Star"
4 the Tears in Your Eyes"
Sometimes It Snows in April"
Don't Talk 2 Strangers"
I Can't Make U Love Me"
La, La, La Means I Love U"
One of Us"
Everyday Is a Winding Road"
A Case of U"
Academy Award for Best Original ScoreLouis Silvers (1934)
Max Steiner (1935)
Leo F. Forbstein (1936)
Charles Previn (1937)
Erich Wolfgang Korngold / Alfred Newman (1938)
Herbert Stothart / Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold and Leo Shuken (1939)
Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith and Ned Washington / Alfred Newman (1940)
Bernard Herrmann / Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941)
Max Steiner / Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942)
Alfred Newman / Ray Heindorf (1943)
Max Steiner / Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon (1944)
Miklós Rózsa / Georgie Stoll (1945)
Hugo Friedhofer / Morris Stoloff (1946)
Miklós Rózsa / Alfred Newman (1947)
Brian Easdale / Johnny Green and Roger Edens (1948)
Aaron Copland / Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)
Franz Waxman / Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950)
Franz Waxman / Johnny Green and Saul Chaplin (1951)
Dimitri Tiomkin / Alfred Newman (1952)
Bronisław Kaper / Alfred Newman (1953)
Dimitri Tiomkin / Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954)
Alfred Newman / Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955)
Victor Young / Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956)
Malcolm Arnold (1957)
Dimitri Tiomkin / Andre Previn (1958)
Miklós Rózsa / Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)
Ernest Gold / Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960)
Henry Mancini / Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961)
Maurice Jarre / Ray Heindorf (1962)
John Addison / Andre Previn (1963)
Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman / Andre Previn (1964)
Maurice Jarre / Irwin Kostal (1965)
John Barry / Ken Thorne (1966)
Elmer Bernstein / Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967)
John Barry / Johnny Green (1968)
Burt Bacharach / Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)
Francis Lai / The Beatles (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970)
Michel Legrand / John Williams (1971)
Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/Ralph Burns (1972)
Marvin Hamlisch / Marvin Hamlisch (1973)
Nino Rota and Carmine Coppola / Nelson Riddle (1974)
John Williams / Leonard Rosenman (1975)
Jerry Goldsmith / Leonard Rosenman (1976)
John Williams / Jonathan Tunick (1977)
Giorgio Moroder / Joe Renzetti (1978)
Georges Delerue / Ralph Burns (1979)
Michael Gore (1980)
John Williams / Henry Mancini and Leslie Bricusse (1982)
Bill Conti / Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983)
Maurice Jarre / (1984)
John Barry (1985)
Herbie Hancock (1986)
Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne and Cong Su (1987)
Dave Grusin (1988)
Alan Menken (1989)
John Barry (1990)
Alan Menken (1991)
Alan Menken (1992)
John Williams (1993)
Hans Zimmer (1994)
Luis Enríquez Bacalov / Alan Menken and Stephen Schwartz (1995)
Gabriel Yared / Rachel Portman (1996)
James Horner / Anne Dudley (1997)
Nicola Piovani / Stephen Warbeck (1998)
John Corigliano (1999)
Tan Dun (2000)
Howard Shore (2001)
Elliot Goldenthal (2002)
Howard Shore (2003)
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek (2004)
Gustavo Santaolalla (2005)
Gustavo Santaolalla (2006)
Dario Marianelli (2007)
A. R. Rahman (2008)
Michael Giacchino (2009)
Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross (2010)
Ludovic Bource (2011)
Mychael Danna (2012)
Steven Price (2013)
Alexandre Desplat (2014)
Ennio Morricone (2015)
Justin Hurwitz (2016)
Alexandre Desplat (2017)
Brit Award for International Male Solo ArtistMichael Jackson (1989)
Michael Hutchence (1991)
Lenny Kravitz (1994)
Jon Bon Jovi (1998)
Justin Timberlake (2004)
Kanye West (2006)
Justin Timberlake (2007)
Kanye West (2008)
Kanye West (2009)
CeeLo Green (2011)
Bruno Mars (2012)
Frank Ocean (2013)
Bruno Mars (2014)
Pharrell Williams (2015)
Justin Bieber (2016)
Kendrick Lamar (2018)
Golden Globe Award for Best Original SongTown Without Pity" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1961)
Circus World" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1964)
Forget Domani" Lyrics by Norman Newell, Music by Riz Ortolani (1965)
Strangers in the Night" Lyrics by Charles Singleton, Eddie Snyder, Music by Bert Kaempfert (1966)
If Ever I Would Leave You" Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, Music by Frederick Loewe (1967)
The Windmills of Your Mind" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Michel Legrand (1968)
Jean" Music & Lyrics by Rod McKuen (1969)
Whistling Away the Dark" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Henry Mancini (1970)
Life Is What You Make It" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1971)
Ben" Lyrics by Don Black, Music by Walter Scharf (1972)
The Way We Were" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1973)
I Feel Love" Lyrics by Betty Box, Music by Euel Box (1974)
I'm Easy" Music & Lyrics by Keith Carradine (1975)
Evergreen" Lyrics by Paul Williams, Music by Barbra Streisand (1976)
You Light Up My Life" Music & Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977)
Last Dance" Music & Lyrics by Paul Jabara (1978)
The Rose" Music & Lyrics by Amanda McBroom (1979)
Fame" Lyrics by Dean Pitchford, Music by Michael Gore (1980)
Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music & Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross, & Carole Bayer Sager (1981)
Up Where We Belong" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by Jack Nitzsche & Buffy Sainte-Marie (1982)
Flashdance... What a Feeling" Lyrics by Irene Cara, Keith Forsey, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1983)
I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music & Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984)
Say You, Say Me" Music & Lyrics by Lionel Richie (1985)
Take My Breath Away" Lyrics by Tom Whitlock, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1986)
(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Lyrics by Franke Previte, Music by John DeNicola & Donald Markowitz (1987)
Let the River Run" Music & Lyrics by Carly Simon/"Two Hearts" Lyrics by Phil Collins, Music by Lamont Dozier (1988)
Under the Sea" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1989)
Blaze of Glory" Music & Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi (1990)
Beauty and the Beast" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1991)
A Whole New World" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Alan Menken (1992)
Streets of Philadelphia" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993)
Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Elton John (1994)
Colors of the Wind" Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, Music by Alan Menken (1995)
You Must Love Me" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber (1996)
My Heart Will Go On" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by James Horner (1997)
The Prayer" Music & Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager, Alberto Testa (1998)
You'll Be in My Heart" Music & Lyrics by Phil Collins (1999)
Things Have Changed" Music and lyrics by Bob Dylan (2000)
Until..." Music and lyrics by Sting (2001)
The Hands That Built America" Music and lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge & Larry Mullen Jr. (2002)
Into the West" Music and lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore & Frances Walsh (2003)
Old Habits Die Hard" Music and lyrics by Mick Jagger & David A. Stewart (2004)
A Love That Will Never Grow Old" Lyrics by Bernie Taupin, Music by Gustavo Santaolalla (2005)
The Song of the Heart" Music and lyrics by (2006)
Guaranteed" Music and lyrics by Eddie Vedder (2007)
The Wrestler" Music and lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (2008)
The Weary Kind" Music and lyrics by Ryan Bingham & T Bone Burnett (2009)
You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Music & Lyrics by Diane Warren (2010)
Masterpiece" Music & Lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost and Jimmy Harry (2011)
Skyfall" by Adele Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012)
Ordinary Love" by U2 and Danger Mouse (2013)
Glory" by Common and John Legend (2014)
Writing's on the Wall" by Sam Smith and Jimmy Napes (2015)
City of Stars" by Justin Hurwitz, Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016)
This Is Me" by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)
Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst DirectorRobert Greenwald (1980)
Michael Cimino (1981)
Ken Annakin / Terence Young (1982)
Peter Sasdy (1983)
John Derek (1984)
Sylvester Stallone (1985)
Norman Mailer / Elaine May (1987)
Blake Edwards / Stewart Raffill (1988)
William Shatner (1989)
John Derek (1990)
Michael Lehmann (1991)
David Seltzer (1992)
Jennifer Lynch (1993)
Steven Seagal (1994)
Paul Verhoeven (1995)
Andrew Bergman (1996)
Kevin Costner (1997)
Gus Van Sant (1998)
Barry Sonnenfeld (1999)
Roger Christian (2000)
Tom Green (2001)
Guy Ritchie (2002)
Martin Brest (2003)
John Asher (2005)
M. Night Shyamalan (2006)
Chris Sivertson (2007)
Uwe Boll (2008)
Michael Bay (2009)
M. Night Shyamalan (2010)
Dennis Dugan (2011)
Bill Condon (2012)
Elizabeth Banks, Steven Brill, Steve Carr, Rusty Cundieff, James Duffy, Griffin Dunne, Peter Farrelly, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Bob Odenkirk, Brett Ratner, and Jonathan van Tulleken (2013)
Michael Bay (2014)
Josh Trank (2015)
Dinesh D'Souza and Bruce Schooley (2016)
Tony Leondis (2017)
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – Class of 2004Jackson Browne
Verne Allison, Chuck Barksdale, Johnny Carter, Johnny Funches, Marvin Junior, Michael McGill
Jim Capaldi, Dave Mason, Steve Winwood, Chris Wood
Frank Beard, Billy Gibbons, Dusty Hill
Authority control WorldCat Identities
BNF: cb13898683x (data)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 4892
Categories: 1958 births2016 deaths20th-century American singers20th-century African-American people20th-century American guitarists21st-century American guitarists21st-century American singersAfrican-American film directorsAfrican-American male actorsAfrican-American drummersAfrican-American guitaristsAfrican-American male singersAfrican-American singer-songwritersAfrican-American pianistsAfrican-American rock musiciansAmerican operatic baritonesAmerican funk bass guitaristsMale bass guitaristsAmerican funk drummersAmerican funk guitaristsAmerican funk keyboardistsAmerican funk singersAmerican Jehovah's WitnessesAmerican male drummersAmerican guitaristsAmerican male film actorsAmerican male guitaristsAmerican male singersAmerican male singer-songwritersAmerican multi-instrumentalistsAmerican record producersAmerican rhythm and blues bass guitaristsAmerican rhythm and blues guitaristsAmerican rhythm and blues keyboardistsAmerican rhythm and blues singersAmerican rock bass guitaristsAmerican rock drummersAmerican rock guitaristsAmerican rock keyboardistsAmerican rock pianistsAmerican male pianistsAmerican soul guitaristsAmerican soul keyboardistsAmerican soul singersAmerican singer-songwritersArista Records artistsBest Original Music Score Academy Award winnersBrit Award winnersColumbia Records artistsConverts to Jehovah's WitnessesDrug-related deaths in MinnesotaAccidental deaths in MinnesotaThe New Power Generation membersThe Revolution (band) membersUniversal Records artistsWarner Bros. Records artistsEMI Records artistsFunk rockGrammy Award winnersGuitarists from MinnesotaKeytaristsLead guitaristsLouisiana Creole peopleMusicians from MinneapolisPaisley Park Records artistsPeople from Chanhassen, MinnesotaPeople with epilepsyPrince (musician)Record producers from MinnesotaRhythm and blues drummersRock and Roll Hall of Fame inducteesSingers from MinnesotaSongwriters from MinnesotaSoul drummers20th-century American drummers21st-century American drummersFilm directors from MinnesotaWikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalismArticles with short descriptionUse mdy dates from July 2018Use American English from January 2017All Wikipedia articles written in American EnglishArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from June 2016Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2016Articles with hAudio microformatsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2016Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016Commons category link from WikidataArticles with Encyclopædia Britannica linksTurner Classic Movies person ID same as WikidataFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with BNE identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with NDL identifiersWikipedia articles with SBN identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersWikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers
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