اسکارپا اونیسه
Scott Morrison (disambiguation). The HonourableMPPrime Minister of AustraliaIncumbent 24 August 2018Elizabeth IISir Peter CosgroveDavid HurleyMichael McCormackMalcolm TurnbullLeader of the Liberal PartyIncumbent 24 August 2018Josh FrydenbergMalcolm TurnbullMinister for the Public ServiceIncumbent 26 May 2019Greg HuntMathias CormannTreasurer of Australia21 September 2015 – 24 August 2018Malcolm TurnbullJoe HockeyJosh FrydenbergMinister for Social Services23 December 2014 – 21 September 2015Tony AbbottMalcolm TurnbullKevin AndrewsChristian PorterMinister for Immigration and Border Protection18 September 2013 – 23 December 2014Tony AbbottTony BurkePeter DuttonAustralian Parliamentfor CookIncumbent 24 November 2007Bruce Baird) May 13, 1968Waverley, New South Wales, AustraliaLiberalaffiliationsCoalitionJenny Warren ( 1990)Kirribilli House (primary)The Lodge (Canberra)University of New South Wales (BSc Hons)Official website a series about Early life and career Cook Abbott Government Abbott Ministry Turnbull Government First Turnbull Ministry Second Turnbull Ministry 2018 Liberal Party leadership spills Prime Minister of Australia(International trips) First Ministry Second Ministry 2019 election The quiet Australians Banking Aged Care People with Disability (born 13 May 1968) is an Australian politician who is the 30th and current Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Liberal Party since August 2018. He previously served in the Cabinet from 2013 to 2018, including as Treasurer of Australia. Morrison was first elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Cook in 2007. Ideologically, he identifies himself as a pragmatic conservative. Sydney and studied economic geography at the University of New South Wales. He worked as Director of the New Zealand Office of Tourism and Sport from 1998 to 2000 and was Managing Director of Tourism Australia from 2004 to 2006. Morrison was also State Director of the New South Wales Liberal Party from 2000 to 2004. He was later elected to the House of Representatives at the 2007 election, representing the Division of Cook in New South Wales. Coalition's victory at the 2013 election, Morrison was appointed Minister for Immigration and Border Protection in the Abbott Government. In that capacity he was responsible for implementing Operation Sovereign Borders. In a reshuffle the following year, Morrison was made Minister for Social Services. He was later promoted to the role of Treasurer in September 2015, after Malcolm Turnbull replaced Abbott as Prime Minister. Peter Dutton unsuccessfully challenged Turnbull for the leadership of the Liberal Party. Leadership tension continued to build, and the party voted to hold a second ballot on 24 August, with Turnbull choosing not to stand. In that ballot, Morrison positioned himself as a compromise candidate, defeating both Dutton and Foreign Minister Julie Bishop to become Leader of the Liberal Party. He was sworn in as Prime Minister by the Governor-General later that day. Morrison went on to lead the Coalition to an upset victory in the 2019 election. Waverley, Sydney, New South Wales, the younger of two sons born to Marion (née Smith) and John Morrison. His father was a policeman who served on the Waverley Municipal Council for 16 years, including for a brief period as mayor. Morrison's maternal grandfather was born in New Zealand. His paternal grandmother was the niece of noted Australian poet Dame Mary Gilmore. In 2012, on the 50th anniversary of her death, he delivered a tribute to her in federal parliament. Morrison is descended from William Roberts, a convict who was convicted of stealing yarn and transported to Australia on the First Fleet in 1788. Bronte. He had a brief career as a child actor, appearing in several television commercials and small roles in local shows. Some reports have suggested that he was the iconic 1970s Vicks "Love Rub" kid, but footage to confirm or refute this has not been found; he has stated he was in a different Vicks commercial. He attended Sydney Boys High School before going on to complete a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) honours degree in applied economic geography at the University of New South Wales. He contemplated studying theology at Regent College in Vancouver, Canada, but he instead chose to enter the workforce after completing his undergraduate education, in part due to the disapproval of his father. Bruce Baird, whom he would eventually succeed in federal parliament. In 1998, Morrison moved to New Zealand to become director of the newly created Office of Tourism and Sport. He formed a close relationship with New Zealand's tourism minister, Murray McCully, and was involved with the creation of the long-running "100% Pure New Zealand" campaign. Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division). He oversaw the party's campaigns in the 2001 federal election and in the 2003 New South Wales state election. In 2004, Morrison left that post to become the inaugural managing director of Tourism Australia, which had been established by the Howard Government. His appointment was controversial due to its openly political nature. Morrison approved and defended the contentious "So where the bloody hell are you?" advertising campaign featuring Lara Bingle. He lost his job in 2006, apparently due to conflict with tourism minister Fran Bailey over the government's plans to further integrate the agency into the Australian Public Service, although a 2019 investigation by the Saturday Paper suggested Morrison was sacked for breaching procurement guidelines and awarding government contracts worth $184 million to advertising and media companies without value-for-money assessments or board approval. preselection for the Division of Cook, an electorate in the southern suburbs of Sydney which includes Cronulla, Caringbah, and Miranda, for the 2007 election, following the retirement of Bruce Baird, who had served as the member since 1998. He lost the ballot 82 votes to 8 to Michael Towke, a telecommunications engineer and the candidate of the Liberals' right faction. branch stacking and had embellished his resume. The state executive of the Liberal Party disendorsed Towke and held a new pre-selection ballot, which Morrison won. The allegations against Towke were subsequently proved to be false, and The Daily Telegraph was forced to pay an undisclosed amount to settle a defamation suit filed by Towke. Morrison in 2009. Malcolm Turnbull's coalition front bench as shadow minister for housing and local government. In December 2009, he became shadow minister for immigration and citizenship, coming into the shadow cabinet for the first time during Tony Abbott's first cabinet reshuffle shortly after winning the leadership. He served on the Shadow Cabinet Committee on Border Protection. asylum seekers died in the Christmas Island boat disaster. In February 2011, Morrison publicly questioned the decision of the Gillard Labor government to pay for the relatives of the victims to travel to funerals in Sydney, arguing that the same privilege was not extended to Australian citizens. After fellow Liberal and shadow treasurer Joe Hockey disagreed with Morrison's statements, Morrison said that the timing of his comments was insensitive, but did not back away from the comments themselves. In the same month, it was revealed that Morrison had "urged the shadow cabinet to capitalise on the electorate's growing concerns" about Muslims and appeal to the public perception of their "inability to integrate" to gain votes. The new code of conduct was released by the immigration minister for more than 20,000 irregular maritime arrivals living in the community on bridging visas.] Morrison is sworn in as Minister for Social Services by Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove, 2014. with: Information about his 9-month tenure as Social Services Minister.. adding to it. ) Operation Sovereign Borders, the new government's strategy aimed at stopping unauthorised boats from entering Australian waters. Cabinet documents from this time revealed in 2018 that Morrison asked for mitigation strategies to avoid granting permanent visas to 700 refugees. His office reported that there were 300 boats and 20,587 arrivals in 2013 to only 1 boat and 157 arrivals for all of 2014. The UNHCR expressed concerns that the practice may violate the Refugee Convention. In September 2014, it was reported that zero asylum seekers had died at sea since December 2013, compared with more than 1,100 deaths between 2008 and 2013. The annual refugee intake, which had been increased to 20,000 for 2012–13 by the previous government, was reduced to 13,750, the level it had been in 2011–12. Morrison stated that "Not one of those places will go to anyone who comes on a boat to Australia [...] they will go to people who have come the right way". On many occasions Morrison refused to answer questions about the status of asylum seekers or boats coming to and from Australia, often on the basis that he would not disclose "on water" or "operational" matters. Australian Human Rights Commission delivered a report to the Government which found that Morrison failed in his responsibility to act in the best interests of children in detention during his time as Minister. The overarching finding of the inquiry was that the prolonged, mandatory detention of asylum seeker children caused them significant mental and physical illness and developmental delays, in breach of Australia's international obligations. The report was criticised by Tony Abbott as being politically motivated, with regard to the timing of the report's release after the Abbott Government had taken office. The Government released the report publicly in February 2015. successfully passed through the Australian Parliament. The bill gave Morrison more power than any previous minister in dealing with people seeking asylum in Australia, including the power to return asylum seekers to their place of origin, detain asylum seekers without charge, and refuse asylum seekers who arrive by boat access to the Refugee Review Tribunal. The bill reintroduced temporary protection visas to deal specifically with the backlog of 30,000 people who had arrived under the previous Labor Government but who had yet to be processed. The bill allowed those on bridging visas to apply for work, and increased the refugee intake to 18,750. Minister for Social Services and ceased to be Minister for Immigration and Border Protection. Morrison attended this and subsequent alumni and school events.] Turnbull Government in September 2015, replacing Joe Hockey. In his first press conference as Treasurer, he indicated a reduction in government expenditure and stated that the Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook (MYEFO) and White Paper on tax reform would arrive on time. 2016 Australian federal budget. It included the introduction of a 40 percent diverted profits tax (popularly known as the "Google tax"), which is an anti-avoidance measure designed to prevent base erosion and profit shifting. It was passed into law as the and took effect on 1 July 2017. The new tax received criticism from some quarters, with the Corporate Tax Association stating that it would have "unpredictable outcomes" and negatively affect Australian business. coal, stating "This is coal. Don't be afraid. Don't be scared. It won't hurt you," and accusing those concerned about the environmental impact of the coal industry of having "an ideological, pathological fear of coal." He handed down the 2017 Australian federal budget in May 2017. same-sex marriage. After the Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey, he proposed an amendment to the Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017 allowing parents to remove children from classes if "non-traditional" marriage is discussed. All amendments failed, and Morrison abstained from voting on the final bill. The electorate of Cook had a participation rate of 82.22%, and 55.04% of those had responded "Yes". Royal Commission into Misconduct in the Banking, Superannuation and Financial Services Industry (popularly known as the Banking Royal Commission). Morrison originally opposed the creation of a royal commission, believing that a Senate inquiry would be sufficient. He voted against a royal commission 23 times between April 2016 and June 2017, and in September 2016 described it as "nothing more than crass populism seeking to undermine confidence in the banking and financial system, which is key to jobs and growth in this country". In announcing that the royal commission would take place, Morrison described it as a "regrettable but necessary action". In response to the commission's findings, in April 2018 he announced the introduction of new criminal and civil penalties for financial misconduct, including potential prison sentences of 10 years for individuals and fines of up to $210 million for companies. 2018 Australian federal budget on 8 May. He subsequently rejected calls to increase the rate of the Newstart Allowance, saying "my priority is to give tax relief to people who are working and paying taxes". Morrison Government 2018 Liberal Party of Australia leadership spills Morrison with President Joko Widodo of Indonesia on his first overseas visit as prime minister. Morrison with U.S. President Donald Trump at the G20 Summit in Buenos Aires Morrison with East Timor's president Francisco Guterres Malcolm Turnbull called a leadership spill on 21 August 2018 in order to gauge the confidence of the Liberal Party in his leadership. He defeated challenger Peter Dutton by 48 votes to 35. Over the following days, there was repeated speculation about a second spill being called, without Turnbull's approval. Turnbull announced two days later that he would resign the leadership if a spill motion were passed. Dutton, Morrison and Julie Bishop announced they would stand for the leadership if that were the case. Josh Frydenberg was elected as the party's deputy leader, in place of Bishop. Morrison was widely seen as a compromise candidate, who was agreeable to both the moderate supporters of Turnbull and Bishop and conservatives concerned about Dutton's electability. He was sworn in as prime minister on the evening of 24 August. Kevin Hogan moved to the crossbench in protest of the wave of Liberal spills. Although Hogan continued to support the Coalition on confidence and supply and remained in the National party room, his departure to the crossbench and Turnbull's retirement from politics reduced the Coalition to a minority government of 74 seats. The Morrison Government remained in minority after Turnbull's seat of Wentworth was lost to an independent at a by-election. Indonesian capital of Jakarta for the Australia–Indonesia Business Forum and met with President Joko Widodo, announcing a free trade deal between the two nations that had been negotiated under the preceding Turnbull Government. Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. In December 2018, Morrison announced Australia has recognised West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel but will not immediately move its embassy from Tel Aviv. Xinjiang re-education camps and human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority in a meeting with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in Singapore. Christchurch mosque shootings as an "extremist, right-wing violent terrorist attack". He also stated that Australians and New Zealanders were family and that the Australian authorities would be cooperating with New Zealand authorities to assist with the investigation. Morrison condemned "reckless" and "highly offensive" comments made by Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Erdoğan repeatedly showed video taken by the Christchurch mosque shooter to his supporters at campaign rallies for upcoming[update] local elections and said Australians and New Zealanders who came to Turkey with anti-Muslim sentiments "would be sent back in coffins like their grandfathers were" during the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I. Julian Assange in London's Ecuadorian Embassy, Morrison said on ABC that Assange is "not going to be given special treatment" and "It has got nothing to do with" Australia, "it is a matter for the US". 2019 election. At time of the writs dropping, the Coalition had been behind the Labor Party in virtually all opinion polls for several years, leading to significant media speculation that Morrison would lose. This was put down to a number of factors, including voter rejection of the opposition Labor party's climate change stance based on an extreme carbon emissions reduction target. Claiming victory on election night, Morrison stated that he had "always believed in miracles". Ultimately, the Coalition won 77 seats, a bare majority of two. Chief Executive of Hong Kong to listen to protester demands, denying that the 2019 Hong Kong protests were showing signs of terrorism. 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria. Morrison stated that he was concerned for the safety of the Kurds living in the region and also feared that the offensive could result in a resurgence of ISIS. Scott and Jenny Morrison in March 2019 Jenny Warren when they were both 16. They married on 14 January 1990, when they were 21, and have two daughters together. After multiple unsuccessful IVF treatments over a period of 18 years, their daughters were conceived naturally. His daughters attend an independent Baptist school. Morrison has stated that one of the reasons for this choice was so that he could avoid "the values of others being imposed on my children". He is a fan of the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks rugby league team and, in 2016, was named the club's number-one ticket holder. Presbyterian Church of Australia, which partly merged into the Uniting Church when he was a child. He later became a Pentecostal, and now attends the Horizon Church, which is affiliated with the Australian Christian Churches, the Australian branch of the Assemblies of God. He has said "the Bible is not a policy handbook, and I get very worried when people try to treat it like one". In late 2017, Morrison stated that he would become a stronger advocate for protections for religious freedom. Pentecostal prime minister. "Updated | 'The shire's still our home' says Scott Morrison". 2019. "Hon Scott Morrison MP". Parliament of Australia 2019. "Scott Morrison: Australia's conservative pragmatist". . 18 May 2019 2019. "Scott Morrison: 'master of the middle' may pull Coalition out of a muddle". . 20 April 2019 2019. "Tony Abbott's cabinet and outer ministry". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 16 September 2013 2013. "Dutton to immigration in reshuffle". News.com.au. 21 December 2014. "Malcolm Turnbull unveils his ministry". 2015. "Scott Morrison wins Liberal party leadership spill". . 24 August 2018 2018. "Federal election result: Scott Morrison says 'I have always believed in miracles' as Coalition retains power". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. "Scott Morrison: So Who the Bloody Hell Are You?". . Archived from the original on 11 April 2018 2018. Members' statements in relation to citizenship: Scott Morrison, Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 7 February 2018. Hansard, 29 November 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2019 "Scott Morrison speaks of convict ancestry as he welcomes new citizens". The Sydney Morning Herald. 26 January 2019 2019. "Scott Morrison's relentless rise to power". 2018. "National Film and Sound Archive hunts for Scott 'Love Rub' Morrison". . 14 August 2015 2018. "Hon Scott Morrison MP". Parliament of Australia 2019. "Key facts about Scott Morrison, Australia's new prime minister". . 24 August 2018 2019. "Who is Scott Morrison? Meet Australia's new Prime Minister". SBS News. 24 August 2018 2019. "Who is Scott Morrison? Our new Prime Minister shares a rare and candid look at into his personal life". . 24 August 2018. "Scott Morrison's rise to Australia's top job". Radio New Zealand. ABC. 24 August 2018. Archived from the original on 24 August 2018 2018. "So where the hell is he?". 2018. "Fresh documents in Morrison's sacking". 2019. "Nasty saga you nearly missed". The Sydney Morning Herald. "Liberal Party disendorses Michael Towke". PM (ABC News). 3 August 2007. "Authorities: Death toll up to 48 in Christmas Island shipwreck". . 20 December 2010 2013. "Hockey calls for compassion in funeral row". . "Lib admits timing of funeral comments 'insensitive". . AAP. 16 February 2011 2015. "Morrison sees votes in anti-Muslim strategy". 2019. "Few asylum seekers charged with crime". 2018. "Tony Abbott evokes John Howard in slamming doors on asylum seekers". 2018. "Coalition launches Operation Sovereign Borders". 2013. "Scott Morrison tried to delay asylum seekers' visas, documents reveal". . 30 January 2018 2018. "Promise check: We will stop the boats". ABC News. 8 May 2016 2016. "UN: 'profound concern' at Australia's handling of Tamil asylum seekers". 2014. "Revealed: The secret mission that stopped the asylum boats from entering Australia". The Daily Telegraph. 17 September 2014 2018. "Immigration Minister Scott Morrison says no changes to border protection despite softer language from PM". 2015. 'A comparison of Coalition and Labor government asylum policies in Australia since 2001', 28 February 2014, Australian Parliamentary Library Research Paper series 2013–14, 12–13. "Immigration Minister Scott Morrison defends use of term 'illegal arrivals', plays down PNG police incident". . 22 October 2013 2013. "Scott Morrison correct on 'illegal entry' of people without a visa". . 13 September 2013 2013. "Arrogance and obfuscation a bad mix for Scott Morrison". . 26 October 2013 2015. "No comment: government silent over fate of asylum seekers". . 9 November 2013 2015. "Scott Morrison refuses to answer parliamentary questions on boat arrival". . Australia. 13 November 2013 2015. "Morrison refuses to answer rescue questions". . Australia. 8 November 2013 2015. "Scott Morrison's secrecy would be funny if it wasn't so serious". . 20 November 2013 2015. "Talk To The Hand" — The Australian Government, To Everyone". . 20 November 2013 2015. "Silence over boats sells public short". . 6 October 2013 2015. "Secrecy over asylum seeker boat turn-backs puts navy in a bind". . 25 January 2014 2015. Kelly, Fran (6 July 2014). "Insiders Sunday 06 July" . Insiders ABC TV. Australia 2015. "Scott Morrison interview takes on Pythonesque proportions". . 6 July 2014 2015. "Senate tests secrecy on asylum". . 13 January 2014 2015. "Morrison mute on reported asylum seeker handover". . 3 July 2014 2015. "Scott Morrison defends vow of silence on asylum seeker boat arrivals". . 23 September 2013 2015. "Motion passed to force Immigration Minister Scott Morrison to report asylum-seeker incidents at sea". . 15 November 2013 2015. "Minister's office won't confirm briefings". . 27 January 2014 2015. "Laurie Oakes discusses Scott Morrison on The Drum". 7 November 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. (2014), 13. "Human Rights Commission should congratulate Scott Morrison: Tony Abbott responds to report on children in immigration detention". 2015. "Senate gives Scott Morrison unchecked control over asylum seekers' lives". . Australia 2014. "The unprecedented immigration powers awarded to Scott Morrison". The Age 2014. "Temporary protection visas: Senate votes to bring back temporary visas after deal to get children off Christmas Island". . Australia 2014. "Cabinet reshuffle: Scott Morrison moves to Social Services; Sussan Ley promoted as second woman in Cabinet; David Johnston leaves". 2015. "Scott Morrison boycott at Sydney Boys High School: alumni say he is 'an embarrassment". 2016. "Treasurer Scott Morrison says Federal Government has 'spending problem'; expenditure the same as during GFC – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au 2015. "Diverted profits tax". Australian Taxation Office 2018. "Diverted profits tax will go nowhere". The Australian Financial Review. 28 March 2017 2018. "Treasurer to launch fresh attack on multinational tax avoidance as Parliament resumes". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 March 2017 2018. "Scott Morrison brings a chunk of coal into parliament". The Guardian. 9 February 2017 2017. "Conservative amendments to same-sex marriage bill would make Australia's laws the world's weakest". 2017. "Legislative Tracker: Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017". . 15 November 2017. "Same-sex marriage: Tony Abbott, Barnaby Joyce, Scott Morrison and the other MPs who didn't vote 'yes' or 'no". 2018. "Results and Publications". . 15 November 2017. "Does royal commission turncoat Scott Morrison really think the public is so dim?". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 April 2018 2018. "How Scott Morrison changed his tune on the banking royal commission". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 April 2018 2018. "Corporate crooks to face tougher penalties under new rules to be revealed by Government". ABC News. 20 April 2018 2018. "Here's Why People Who Are Unemployed Won't Get Any More Newstart Money". 2018. "Scott Morrison wins Liberal party leadership spill". 9News. 24 August 2018 2018. "Australia PM Turnbull ousted in party coup". . 24 August 2018 2018. "Could Scott Morrison and Julie Bishop join the leadership race in a three-cornered contest?". The Guardian Australia. 22 August 2018 2018. "Scott Morrison sworn in as Prime Minister but policy direction and election strategy remains uncertain" 2018. "Scott Morrison sworn in as Prime Minister". 2018. "Independent MPs refuse to give Morrison guarantees of confidence". The Australian. "Scott Morrison's foreign affairs foray follows predecessors' familiar flightpath". ABC News. 30 August 2018 2018. "Jerusalem embassy move a 'sensible' proposal, says Scott Morrison". 2018. "Government recognises West Jerusalem as Israel's capital, embassy to stay put". . "Morrison pledges no 'showboating' on China". MSN News. 12 November 2018. "Australia called to act against Chinese detention of Uighurs". . 11 February 2019. on YouTube "Turkey's Erdogan directs incendiary comments at Australia, New Zealand". . 20 March 2019. "Deeply offended' PM demands Turkey's Erdogan withdraws Gallipoli 'coffins' comment". . 20 March 2019. "PM says no special treatment for Assange as his legal team vows to fight extradition". . 11 April 2019 2019. "Election 2019: Coalition secures 77 seats as Liberals win Wentworth, Chisholm, Boothby and Bass". ABC News. 20 May 2019. "Election 2019: Why Queensland turned its back on Labor and helped Scott Morrison to victory". ABC News. "PM disputes Chinese claim that HK protests showing 'signs of terrorism". . "World reacts to Turkey's military operation in northeast Syria". . 10 October 2019. Maiden, Samantha (2 August 2013). "Scott Morrison talks faith, politics and creating Lara Bingle". 2018. "Scott Morrison sends his children to private school to avoid 'skin curling' sexuality discussions". 2018. How well do you know Australia's 30th Prime Minister Scott Morrison? | Kitchen Cabinet, , 2015. Accessed 1 September 2018. Molloy, Shannon (28 August 2018). From talking in tongues to ‘divine faith’, could Scott Morrison's religion be a liability? Retrieved 28 August 2018 "I'm not going to put up with it any more': Morrison vows to defend Christianity in 2018". 2018. "Darkness' coming if Scott Morrison not re-elected, Pentecostal leader claims". 2018. . Official website Scott Morrison on Twitter Profile at Parliament of Australia official website Parliament of Australia Bruce Baird Member of Parliamentfor Cook2007–present Tony Burke Minister for Immigration and Border Protection2013–2014 Peter Dutton Kevin Andrews Minister for Social Services2014–2015 Christian Porter Joe Hockey Treasurer of Australia2015–2018 Josh Frydenberg Malcolm Turnbull Prime Minister of Australia2018–present Malcolm Turnbull Leader of the Liberal Party2018–present Prime Ministers of Australia (list)Barton Deakin Watson Reid Deakin Fisher Deakin Fisher Cook Fisher Hughes Bruce Scullin Lyons Page Menzies Fadden Curtin Forde Chifley Menzies Holt McEwen Gorton McMahon Whitlam Fraser Hawke Keating Howard Rudd Gillard Rudd Abbott Turnbull Robert Menzies Harold Holt John Gorton William McMahon Billy Snedden Malcolm Fraser Andrew Peacock John Howard Andrew Peacock John Hewson Alexander Downer John Howard Brendan Nelson Malcolm Turnbull Tony Abbott Malcolm Turnbull Eric Harrison Harold Holt William McMahon John Gorton Billy Snedden Phillip Lynch John Howard Neil Brown Andrew Peacock Fred Chaney Peter Reith Michael Wooldridge Peter Costello Julie Bishop Josh Frydenberg Menzies Holt Gorton McMahon Fraser Howard Abbott Turnbull Morrison Menzies 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Holt 1 2 Gorton 1 2 McMahon Fraser 1 2 3 4 5 Howard 1 2 3 4 Abbott Turnbull 1 2 Morrison 1 2 Downer Nelson Turnbull Abbott State divisionsAustralian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory (Country Liberal Party) Queensland (Liberal National Party) South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia ALSF Coalition Young Liberals Young LNP Menzies Research Centre Ginger Group (defunct) Lyons Forum (defunct) Queensland People's Party Liberal Party of Australia (Queensland Division) Protectionist Party Free Trade Party Commonwealth Liberal Party National Labor Party Nationalist Party Liberal Union Australian Party United Australia Party United Australia Party – Queensland Citizens' Municipal Organisation 1966 1968 1969 1971 1972 1975 1982 1983 1985 1987 1989 1990 1993 1994 1995 2007 2008 2009 2015 (Feb) 2015 (Sep) 2018 Menzies Holt Gorton McMahon Snedden Fraser Peacock Howard Peacock Hewson Downer Howard Nelson Turnbull Abbott Turnbull Treasurers of AustraliaTurner Watson Forrest Lyne Fisher Higgs Poynton Watt Cook Bruce Page Theodore Scullin Lyons Casey Menzies Spender Fadden Chifley Holt McMahon Bury Snedden Whitlam Crean Cairns Hayden Lynch Howard Keating Hawke Kerin Willis Dawkins Costello Swan Bowen Hockey Frydenberg Leaders of the G20 Macri    Bolsonaro  Trudeau  Xi  Tusk / Juncker  Macron  Merkel  Modi  Jokowi  Conte  Abe  López Obrador  Putin  Salman  Ramaphosa  Moon  Erdoğan  Johnson  Trump Leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Bolkiah Trudeau Piñera Xi Tsai (Presidential Envoy: Chang) Lam Jokowi Abe Moon Mahathir López Obrador Ardern Marape Vizcarra Duterte Putin Lee Prayut Trump Trọng Commonwealth Heads of GovernmentHead: Elizabeth II Secretary-General: Patricia Scotland Chair-in-Office: Boris Johnson Browne Minnis Hasina Mottley D. 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Children’s ENCYCLOPEDIA by DK